Presence of passengers: Does it increase or reduce driver's crash potential?
Abbreviated Journal Title
Accid. Anal. Prev.
passenger; driver; freeway crash; bivariate probit; binary logit; TEENAGE DRIVERS; OLDER DRIVERS; RISK; CAR; VEHICLE; INJURY; RESTRICTIONS; COLLISION; NIGHTTIME; ALCOHOL; Ergonomics; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health; Social; Sciences, Interdisciplinary; Transportation
This study examines the impact of passengers on the driver's crash potential on freeways. To estimate the impact, a set of bivariate probit models were developed using the 5-year (1999-2003) crash records on a 36.3-mile stretch of Interstate-4 freeway (1-4) in Orlando, Florida. Bivariate probit models identify the correlation between potentially inter-related choices of three passenger characteristics and three crash characteristics. The analysis using bivariate probit models showed that there exist strong correlations between passenger and crash characteristics. It was found that drivers generally display safer driving behavior when they are accompanied by passengers, and more passengers reduce driver's crash potential. It was also found that younger driver's crash potential increases with the presence of a younger passenger only. In addition, the analysis of crash type using traffic flow parameters at the time of crashes showed that young drivers with only younger passengers are more likely to be involved in single-vehicle crashes in high-speed and low-volume conditions. The findings in this study provide insight into how the presence of passengers has an impact on driver behavior and traffic safety in various conditions. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Accident Analysis and Prevention
"Presence of passengers: Does it increase or reduce driver's crash potential?" (2008). Faculty Bibliography 2000s. 591.