Risk behavior, perceptions of HIV risk, and risk-reduction behavior among a small group of rural African American women who use drugs
Abbreviated Journal Title
J. Assoc. Nurses Aids Care
CRACK COCAINE; INTERVENTION; NEEDS; Nursing
HIV/AIDS is a health crisis for African Americans. African American women are exposed to HIV primarily through sexual behavior, which is an increased risk for women who use drugs. The study design was a mixed method consisting of an ethnography with ongoing participant observation and indepth interviews and a questionnaire. The purpose of the questionnaire component was to explore drug use, sexual behavior, health history, and perceptions. The questionnaire was administered at months 6 and 18. Data for this report were derived from the first questionnaire with 30 respondents. The majorityof respondents (82.7%) used polysubstances consisting of cocaine, marijuana, and alcohol. Between 33% and 50% exchanged sex for drugs or money, with less than half ever using condoms. About 37% perceived that they had no risk of acquiring HIV, whereas 52% perceived a 25% chance. The pattern of HIV testing in which 33% of the women were tested 10 times or more was unexpected because of the low perception of risk. The principal conclusion was that there is great need to intervene with prevention efforts targeting rural women who use drugs in an attempt to curb increasing rates of sexually transmitted infections including HIV.
Janac-Journal of the Association of Nurses in Aids Care
"Risk behavior, perceptions of HIV risk, and risk-reduction behavior among a small group of rural African American women who use drugs" (2006). Faculty Bibliography 2000s. 5992.