Vector diffraction analysis of high numerical aperture focused beams modified by two- and three-zone annular multi-phase plates
Abbreviated Journal Title
2-PHOTON SCANNING MICROSCOPY; POINT-SPREAD FUNCTION; PHASE FILTERS; 3-DIMENSIONAL SUPERRESOLUTION; ELECTROMAGNETIC DIFFRACTION; AXIAL; SUPERRESOLUTION; OPTICAL SYSTEMS; BINARY FILTERS; IMAGE FIELD; DESIGN; Optics
Vector diffraction theory was applied to study the effect of two- and three-zone annular multi-phase plates (AMPs) on the three-dimensional point-spread-function (PSF) that results when linearly polarized light is focused using a high numerical aperture refractory lens. Conditions are identified for which a three-zone AMP generates a PSF that is axially super-resolved by 19% with minimal change in the transverse profile and sufficiently small side lobes that the intensity pattern could be used for advanced photolithographic techniques, such as multi-photon 3D microfabrication, as well as multi-photon imaging. Conditions are also found in which a three-zone AMP generates a PSF that is axially elongated by 510% with only 1% change along the transverse direction. This intensity distribution could be used for sub-micron-scale laser drilling and machining. (c) 2005 Optical Society of America.
"Vector diffraction analysis of high numerical aperture focused beams modified by two- and three-zone annular multi-phase plates" (2006). Faculty Bibliography 2000s. 6254.