Nanostructured zinc oxide gas sensors by successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction method and rapid photothermal processing
Abbreviated Journal Title
Thin Solid Films
ZnO; SILAR; RPP; sensor; nanostructure; MULTIPLE ZNO NANORODS; SENSING PROPERTIES; THIN-FILMS; ROOM-TEMPERATURE; HYDROGEN; CO; MICROSTRUCTURE; FABRICATION; DEPOSITION; ARRAYS; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary; Materials Science, Coatings &; Films; Physics, Applied; Physics, Condensed Matter
Undoped and Sn, Ni-doped nanostructured ZnO thin films were deposited on glass substrates using a successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) method at room temperature. The SILAR deposited zinc oxide films have been rapid photothermal processing (R-PP) at various temperatures to study the effect of annealing on the sensing properties. Structural, electrical and sensing properties were investigated by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD), Energy Dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, electrical resistivity, and sensitivity measurements. Microstructures of the deposited films were studied for different concentrations of dopants and zinc-complex solution and temperatures. The results of influence of growth processes, doping, and RPP on phase structure, surface morphology, particles size and resistivity values are presented and discussed. The average grain size determined from XRD patterns was 240, 220 and 265 A for ZnO, Sn-ZnO and Ni-ZnO films, respectively. Moreover, electrical characterization of the sensors prepared from SILAR deposited nanostructured zinc oxide thin film has been carried out. The variation in resisitivity of the ZnO film sensors was obtained with doping and post-deposition rapid photothermal processing in vacuum and N-2 ambient. Electrical resistivity measurements showed semiconducting nature with room temperature resistivity 1.5 x 10(5), 6.1 x 10(2), 70 Omega cm for as-deposited ZnO, 4 at.% Ni-ZnO and 4 at.% Sn-ZnO, respectively. These values decreased to 1 x 10(4), 2 x 10(2), 30 Omega cm for RPP annealed films. The types of doping and temperatures of RPP were found to have an important role in determining the sensitivity and resolution of the NO2, NH3 ZnO-based sensors. While the nanostructured ZnO sensor showed higher ammonia sensitivity than that of NO2, an enhanced NO, sensitivity was noticed with the ZnO films doped with 4 at.% Sri and higher NH3 sensitivity was obtained by 4 at.% Ni doping of zinc oxide thin films. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V, All rights reserved.
Thin Solid Films
"Nanostructured zinc oxide gas sensors by successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction method and rapid photothermal processing" (2008). Faculty Bibliography 2000s. 669.