Short-term streamflow forecasting with global climate change implications - A comparative study between genetic programming and neural network models
Abbreviated Journal Title
streamflow forecasting; genetic programming; neural network; global; climate change; NEXRAD; sea surface temperature; SYSTEME-HYDROLOGIQUE-EUROPEEN; INSTANTANEOUS UNIT-HYDROGRAPH; IDENTIFIABLE COMPONENT FLOWS; SMALL UPLAND CATCHMENTS; RAINFALL; ENSO; RUNOFF; RIVER; PREDICTION; STATES; Engineering, Civil; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary; Water Resources
Sustainable water resources management is a critically important priority across the globe. While water scarcity limits the uses of water in many ways, floods may also result in property damages and the loss of life. To more efficiently use the limited amount of water under the changing world or to resourcefully provide adequate time for flood warning, the issues have led us to seek advanced techniques for improving streamflow forecasting on a short-term basis. This study emphasizes the inclusion of sea surface temperature (SST) in addition to the spatio-temporal rainfall distribution via the Next Generation Radar (NEXRAD), meteorological data via local weather stations, and historical stream data via USGS gage stations to collectively forecast discharges in a semi-arid watershed in south Texas. Two types of artificial intelligence models, including genetic programming (GP) and neural network (NN) models, were employed comparatively. Four numerical evaluators were used to evaluate the validity of a suite of forecasting models. Research findings indicate that GP-derived streamflow forecasting models were generally favored in the assessment in which both SST and meteorological data significantly improve the accuracy of forecasting. Among several scenarios, NEXRAD rainfall data were proven its most effectiveness for a 3-day forecast, and SST Gulf-to-Atlantic index shows larger impacts than the SST Gulf-to-Pacific index on the streamflow forecasts. The most forward looking GP-derived models can even perform a 30-day streamflow forecast ahead of time with an r-square of 0.84 and RMS error 5.4 in our study. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Journal of Hydrology
"Short-term streamflow forecasting with global climate change implications - A comparative study between genetic programming and neural network models" (2008). Faculty Bibliography 2000s. 676.