Title

Residual internal stress in partially crystallized photothermorefractive glass: Evaluation by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and first principles calculations

Authors

Authors

J. W. Zwanziger; U. Werner-Zwanziger; E. D. Zanotto; E. Rotari; L. N. Glebova; L. B. Glebov;J. F. Schneider

Comments

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Abbreviated Journal Title

J. Appl. Phys.

Keywords

CERAMICS; Physics, Applied

Abstract

In some circumstances, the mechanical and optical properties of multiphase brittle materials strongly depend on the level of residual micromechanical stresses that arise upon cooling due to thermal and elastic mismatch between the constituent phases. Here we study the residual internal stress in a partially crystallized oxyfluoride glass, best known as photothermorefractive (PTR) glass. This material is composed of a glass matrix with embedded nanosize sodium fluoride (NaF) crystals. Using both the Selsing model and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance in combination with first principles calculations we found that the crystals are under a tensile stress field of approximately 610-800 MPa. For this stress level the estimated critical crystal diameter for spontaneous cracking is about 2300-1900 nm, which greatly exceeds the observed diameters of 7-35 nm. Hence no spontaneous cracking is expected for the PTR glasses. First principles calculations indicate that the stress induced change of the refractive index of the NaF crystals is about -0.08%, which agrees with the observed refractive index changes. (C) 2006 American Institute of Physics.

Journal Title

Journal of Applied Physics

Volume

99

Issue/Number

8

Publication Date

1-1-2006

Document Type

Article

Language

English

First Page

6

WOS Identifier

WOS:000237404200024

ISSN

0021-8979

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