Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity disorder and behavioral inhibition: A meta-analytic review of the stop-signal paradigm
Abbreviated Journal Title
J. Abnorm. Child Psychol.
stop-signal; behavioral inhibition; attention deficit hyperactivity; disorder; ADHD; meta-analysis; DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER; EVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS; RESPONSE-INHIBITION; WORKING-MEMORY; CHILD PSYCHOPATHOLOGY; SUSTAINED; ATTENTION; EXECUTIVE FUNCTIONS; DELAY AVERSION; MOTOR CONTROL; LIFE-SPAN; Psychology, Clinical; Psychology, Developmental
Deficient behavioral inhibition (BI) processes are considered a core feature of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This meta-analytic review is the first to examine the potential influence of a wide range of subject and task variable moderator effects on BI processes-assessed by the stop-signal paradigm-in children with ADHD relative to typically developing children. Results revealed significantly slower mean reaction time (MRT), greater reaction time variability (SDRT), and slower stop-signal reaction time (SSRT) in children with ADHD relative to controls. The non-significant between-group stop-signal delay (SSD) metric, however, suggests that stop-signal reaction time differences reflect a more generalized deficit in attention/cognitive processing rather than behavioral inhibition. Several subject and task variables served as significant moderators for children's mean reaction time.
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
"Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity disorder and behavioral inhibition: A meta-analytic review of the stop-signal paradigm" (2007). Faculty Bibliography 2000s. 6815.