Many-body interaction in semiconductors probed with two-dimensional Fourier spectroscopy
Abbreviated Journal Title
Phys. Rev. B
DYNAMICS; Physics, Condensed Matter
A particular difficulty in studying many-body interactions in a solid is the absence of an experimental technique that can directly probe their key characteristics. We show that two-dimensional (2D) Fourier spectroscopy provides an efficient tool for the measurement of critical parameters describing the effect of many-body interactions on the optical response of semiconductors. We develop the basic microscopic theory of 2D Fourier spectroscopy of semiconductors in the framework of the three-band model (heavy holes, light holes, and electrons). The theory includes many-body correlations nonperturbatively and can be generalized straightforwardly in order to describe 2D Fourier spectra obtained in atomic physics. We establish a relation between the 2D Fourier spectrum and the many-body correlations. It is shown, in particular, that 2D Fourier spectroscopy provides a principal possibility to establish experimentally the origin of the fast decay of the memory term describing the Coulomb interaction between heavy- and light-hole excitons. The theory is applied to an analysis of the available experimental data. Experiments providing more detailed information are suggested.
Physical Review B
"Many-body interaction in semiconductors probed with two-dimensional Fourier spectroscopy" (2007). Faculty Bibliography 2000s. 7105.