Light truck vehicles (LTVs) contribution to rear-end collisions
Abbreviated Journal Title
Accid. Anal. Prev.
light truck vehicle (LTV); rear-end collision; horizontal visibility; blockage; driving simulator; brake response time; deceleration rate; DRIVING SIMULATOR; HEADWAY; Ergonomics; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health; Social; Sciences, Interdisciplinary; Transportation
Light truck vehicles (LTVs), comprising light-duty trucks, vans, and sport-utility vehicles (SUVs) drive higher and wider than passenger cars which could affect the visibility for the following passenger car driver. This paper investigates the contribution of LTVs to rear-end collisions resulting from horizontal visibility blockage using the University of Central Florida sophisticated reconfigurable driving simulator. Indeed, a sudden stop of a leading LTV, in the shadow of the blindness of the succeeding passenger car driver, may deprive the latter of a sufficient response time, which may lead to high probability of a rear-end collision. To investigate this issue, two scenarios were developed in the UCF driving simulator. The first scenario serves as a base scenario where the simulator car follows a passenger car, and the second scenario serves as a test scenario, where the simulator car follows an LTV. The results obtained by comparing the scenarios showed that LTVs produce more rear-end collisions at unsignalized intersections due to horizontal visibility blockage and due to the resulting drivers' behavior when driving behind an LTV. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Accident Analysis and Prevention
"Light truck vehicles (LTVs) contribution to rear-end collisions" (2007). Faculty Bibliography 2000s. 7208.