Testing the deterrent effects of personal and vicarious experience with punishment and punishment avoidance
Abbreviated Journal Title
WARRS RECONCEPTUALIZATION; ACADEMIC DISHONESTY; BEHAVIOR; TIME; PERCEPTIONS; IMPULSIVITY; PERSPECTIVE; EXTENSION; DRINKING; STAFFORD; Criminology & Penology; Psychology, Social; Sociology
Stafford and Warr (1993) reconceptualized general and specific deterrence into a single theory in which people's tendencies to commit crimes are based on a combination of personal experiences and various experiences with being punished and avoiding punishment. The authors make a significant contribution to the deterrence literature by considering the effect of punishment avoidance when testing deterrence theory. The present study tests the applicability of Stafford and Warr's reconceptualized theory. The results reveal only partial support for deterrence. We discuss the implications of our findings and make suggestions for future research on deterrence theory.
"Testing the deterrent effects of personal and vicarious experience with punishment and punishment avoidance" (2007). Faculty Bibliography 2000s. 7663.