Hydrogen from solar via light-assisted high-temperature water splitting cycles
Abbreviated Journal Title
J. Sol. Energy Eng. Trans.-ASME
hydrogen; solar energy; thermochemical cycles; water splitting; ammonia; sulfur; photocatalytic; WESTINGHOUSE SULFUR CYCLE; THERMOCHEMICAL CYCLE; DECOMPOSITION; CO2; Energy & Fuels; Engineering, Mechanical
Hydrogen production from solar-driven thermochemical water splitting cycles (TCWSCS) provides an approach that is energy efficient and environmentally attractive. Of particular interest are TCWSCs that utilize both thermal (i.e., high temperature) and light (i.e., quantum) components of the solar resource, boosting the overall solar-to-hydrogen conversion efficiency compared to those with heat-only energy input. We have analyzed two solar-driven TCWSCs: (1) carbon dioxide (CO2)/carbon monoxide cycle; and (2) sulfur dioxide (SO2)Aulfuric acid cycle. The first cycle is based on the premise that CO2 becomes susceptible to near-ultraviolet and even visible radiation at high temperatures (greater than 1300 K). The second cycle is a modification of the well-known Westing-house hybrid cycle, wherein the electrochemical step is replaced by a photocatalytic step. At the Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC), a novel hybrid photo-thermochemical sulfurammonia (S-A) cycle has been developed. The main reaction (unique to FSECs S-A cycle) is the light-induced photocatalytic production of hydrogen and ammonium sulfate from an aqueous ammonium sulfite solution. Ammonium sulfate product is processed to generate oxygen and recover ammonia and SO2 that ore then recycled and reacted with water to regenerate the ammonium sulfite. Experimental data for verification of the concept are provided.
Journal of Solar Energy Engineering-Transactions of the Asme
Article; Proceedings Paper
"Hydrogen from solar via light-assisted high-temperature water splitting cycles" (2007). Faculty Bibliography 2000s. 7719.