Title

Spark plasma sintered tantalum carbide-carbon nanotube composite: Effect of pressure, carbon nanotube length and dispersion technique on microstructure and mechanical properties

Authors

Authors

S. R. Bakshi; V. Musaramthota; D. A. Virzi; A. K. Keshri; D. Lahiri; V. Singh; S. Seal;A. Agarwal

Comments

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Abbreviated Journal Title

Mater. Sci. Eng. A-Struct. Mater. Prop. Microstruct. Process.

Keywords

Tantalum carbide; Carbon nanotubes; Spark plasma sintering; Grain; growth; Densification; HIGH-TEMPERATURE CERAMICS; OXIDATION BEHAVIOR; FRACTURE-TOUGHNESS; TAC; DENSIFICATION; POWDERS; NANOCOMPOSITES; PROTECTION; ADDITIVES; COATINGS; Nanoscience & Nanotechnology; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary; Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering

Abstract

TaC-4 wt.% CNT composites were synthesized using spark plasma sintering. Two kinds of CNTs, having long (10-20 mu m) and short (1-3 mu m) length, were dispersed by wet chemistry and spray drying techniques respectively. Spark plasma sintering was carried out at 1850 degrees C at pressures of 100, 255 and 363 MPa. Addition of CNTs leads to an increase in the density of 100 MPa sample from 89% to 95%. Short CNTs are more effective in increasing the density of the composites whereas long CNTs are more effective grain growth inhibitors. The longer CNTs are more effective in increasing the fracture toughness and an increase up to 60% was observed for 363 MPa sample. Hardness and elastic modulus are found to increase by 22% and 18% respectively for 100 MPa samples by addition of long CNTs. Raman spectroscopy, SEM and TEM images indicated that the CNTs were getting transformed into flaky graphitic structures at pressure higher than 100 MPa. (C) 2010 Elsevier BM. All rights reserved.

Journal Title

Materials Science and Engineering a-Structural Materials Properties Microstructure and Processing

Volume

528

Issue/Number

6

Publication Date

1-1-2011

Document Type

Article

Language

English

First Page

2538

Last Page

2547

WOS Identifier

WOS:000287643200046

ISSN

0921-5093

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