Adiposity attenuates muscle quality and the adaptive response to resistance exercise in non-obese, healthy adults
Abbreviated Journal Title
Int. J. Obes.
FAMuSS; adiposity; muscle quality; resistance exercise; strength; CROSS-SECTIONAL AREA; BODY-MASS INDEX; TUMOR-NECROSIS-FACTOR; SKELETAL-MUSCLE; OBESE WOMEN; INSULIN-RESISTANCE; VOLUNTARY STRENGTH; DIABETES-MELLITUS; MUSCULAR STRENGTH; PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY; Endocrinology & Metabolism; Nutrition & Dietetics
Background: Emerging data have revealed a negative association between adiposity and muscle quality (MQ). There is a lack of research to examine this interaction among young, healthy individuals, and to evaluate the contribution of adiposity to adaptation after resistance exercise (RE). Objective: The purpose of this investigation was to examine the influence of subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) on muscle function among non-obese individuals before and after RE. Design: Analyses included 634 non-obese (body mass index <30 kg m(-2)) subjects (253 males, 381 females; age 23.3 +/- 5.2 years). SAT and muscle mass (magnetic resonance imaging-derived SAT and biceps muscle volume), isometric and dynamic biceps strength, and MQ (strength/muscle volume), were analyzed at baseline and after 12 weeks of unilateral RE. Results: At baseline, SAT was independently associated with lower MQ for males (beta = -0.55; P<0.01) and females (beta = -0.45; P<0.01), controlling for body mass and age. Adaptation to RE revealed a significant negative association between SAT and changes for strength capacity (beta = -0.13; p = 0.03) and MQ (beta = -0.14; P<0.01) among males. No attenuation was identified among females. Post-intervention SAT remained a negative predictor of MQ for males and females (beta = -0.47; P<0.01). Conclusions: The findings reveal that SAT is a negative predictor of MQ among non-obese, healthy adults, and that after 12 weeks of progressive RE this association was not ameliorated. Data suggest that SAT exerts a weak, negative influence on the adaptive response to strength and MQ among males. International Journal of Obesity (2011) 35, 1095-1103; doi: 10.1038/ijo.2010.257; published online 7 December 2010
International Journal of Obesity
"Adiposity attenuates muscle quality and the adaptive response to resistance exercise in non-obese, healthy adults" (2011). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 1760.