Title

Vortex motion in superfluid He-4: Reformulation in the extrinsic vortex-filament coordinate space

Authors

Authors

B. K. Shivamoggi

Comments

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Abbreviated Journal Title

Phys. Rev. B

Keywords

ROTATING HELIUM-II; LIQUID HELIUM; QUANTIZED VORTICES; DYNAMICS; TURBULENCE; WAVES; Physics, Condensed Matter

Abstract

Vortex motion in superfluid He-4 is considered by reformulating the Hall-Vinen equation (originally formulated in the intrinsic geometric parameter space) in the extrinsic vortex filament coordinate space which is shown to provide a useful alternative approach. It provides insights into the physical implications of one aspect of the friction term, associated with the friction coefficient alpha, in the Hall-Vinen notation, as well as the previous neglect of the other aspect, associated with the friction coefficient alpha'. A nonlinear Schrodinger equation for the propagation of nonlinear Kelvin waves on a vortex filament in a superfluid is given. The localized vortex kink solution of this equation is shown to be driven unstable by the normal fluid flow along the vortex in qualitative similarity with the Donnelly-Glaberson instability of Kelvin waves on a vortex. This instability is demonstrated in a more clear way by considering the problem of a rotating planar vortex filament in a superfluid. Though the friction term associated with alpha, for very small alpha, has little capacity to make significant contribution to the vortex motion in a quantitative way, it appears to be able to influence the vortex kink characteristics in a qualitative way.

Journal Title

Physical Review B

Volume

84

Issue/Number

1

Publication Date

1-1-2011

Document Type

Article

Language

English

First Page

4

WOS Identifier

WOS:000292969400001

ISSN

1098-0121

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