Title

Interdiffusion in the Mg-Al System and Intrinsic Diffusion in beta-Mg2Al3

Authors

Authors

S. Brennan; K. Bermudez; N. S. Kulkarni;Y. Sohn

Comments

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Abbreviated Journal Title

Metall. Mater. Trans. A-Phys. Metall. Mater. Sci.

Keywords

INTERMETALLIC PHASES; SELF-DIFFUSION; BINARY-SYSTEM; MAGNESIUM; GROWTH; ALUMINUM; ALLOYS; COUPLES; MODEL; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary; Metallurgy & Metallurgical; Engineering

Abstract

Solid-to-solid diffusion couples were assembled and annealed to examine the diffusion between pure Mg (99.96 pct) and Al (99.999 pct). Diffusion anneals were carried out at 573 K, 623 K and 673 K (300 A degrees C, 350 A degrees C and 400 A degrees C) for 720, 360, and 240 hours, respectively. Optical and scanning electron microscopes were used to identify the formation of the intermetallic phases, gamma-Mg17Al12, and beta-Mg2Al3, as well as the absence of the epsilon-Mg23Al30 in the diffusion couples. The thicknesses of the gamma-Mg17Al12 and beta-Mg2Al3 phases were measured and the parabolic growth constants were calculated to determine the activation energies for growth. Concentration profiles were determined with electron microprobe analysis using pure elemental standards. Composition-dependent interdiffusion coefficients in Mg-solid solution, gamma-Mg17Al12, beta-Mg2Al3, and Al-solid solutions were calculated based on the Boltzmann-Matano analysis. Integrated and average effective interdiffusion coefficients for each phase were also calculated, and the magnitude was the highest for the beta-Mg2Al3 phase, followed by gamma-Mg17Al12, Al-solid solution, and Mg-solid solution. Intrinsic diffusion coefficients based on Huemann's analysis (e.g., marker plane) were determined for the similar to Mg-62 at. pct Al in the beta-Mg2Al3 phase. Activation energies and the pre-exponential factors for the interdiffusion and intrinsic diffusion coefficients were calculated for the temperature range examined. The beta-Mg2Al3 phase was found to have the lowest activation energies for growth and interdiffusion among all four phases studied. At the marker location in the beta-Mg2Al3 phase, the intrinsic diffusion of Al was found to be faster than that of Mg. Extrapolations of the impurity diffusion coefficients in the terminal solid solutions were made and compared with the available self-diffusion and impurity diffusion data from the literature. Thermodynamic factor, tracer diffusion coefficients, and atomic mobilities at the marker plane composition were approximated using the available literature values of Mg activity in the beta-Mg2Al3 phase.

Journal Title

Metallurgical and Materials Transactions a-Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science

Volume

43A

Issue/Number

11

Publication Date

1-1-2012

Document Type

Article

Language

English

First Page

4043

Last Page

4052

WOS Identifier

WOS:000309239900015

ISSN

1073-5623

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