Analysis of thermal response of a food self-heating system
Abbreviated Journal Title
Appl. Therm. Eng.
Unitized Group Ration-Express (UGR-E); Flameless Ration Heater (FRH); Composite medium heat conduction; Exothermic reaction; Reactive; magnesium heater; Chemical self-heating; Thermodynamics; Energy & Fuels; Engineering, Mechanical; Mechanics
This paper presents a distributed model of heat transfer in a self-heating unit for group meals and its numerical simulation. A magnesium alloy and water exothermic reaction provides the necessary energy. The resulting governing equations of chemical reaction and heat conduction that depicts the heater performance were solved to develop an approximate analytical solution, to which experimental data found from literature were compared and curve fitted. Then, a model of a complete food-heating unit for group meals, which include a stack of four sets of food tray, heating tray, and heater sandwiched between them, as well as the cardboard container, was developed. The governing equations for heat conduction in the complete model were solved. The response in thermal performance of the heating system to the parameters that influence heating profiles of the heater such as decay constant and heat generation capacity were studied. The results show that the system thermal performance is most significantly affected by heat generation and a proper combination of heaters with different heat generation capacity can improve temperature uniformity between food trays. The results are useful for designing and optimizing self-heating multi-food tray units. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Applied Thermal Engineering
"Analysis of thermal response of a food self-heating system" (2010). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 252.