Title

Effect of composition on sensing properties of SnO2+In2O3 mixed nanostructured films

Authors

Authors

L. I. Trakhtenberg; G. N. Gerasimov; V. F. Gromov; T. V. Belysheva;O. J. Ilegbusi

Comments

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Abbreviated Journal Title

Sens. Actuator B-Chem.

Keywords

Chemical sensor; Gas sensor; Conductometric sensor; Mixed oxide; nanocomposite film; Sensor mechanism; GAS SENSORS; CONDUCTION MODEL; TIN OXIDE; SURFACE; Chemistry, Analytical; Electrochemistry; Instruments & Instrumentation

Abstract

The conductometric response of SnO2 + In2O3 nanocomposite films to hydrogen and carbon monoxide in air are investigated experimentally for varying oxide compositions. The fundamental mechanism of sensory phenomena in such nanocomposite films is also discussed. The experimental results indicate that the response (theta(com)) of the sensor is determined by the current flow path in the film. For composites with In2O3 composition (X-In) less than 20 wt.%, current flows through the SnO2 crystals. Due to electron transfer from the In2O3 inclusions to the SnO2 matrix, an increase in X-In up to 20 wt.% leads to a significant increase in the conductivity of the composite sensor and theta(com) for both CO and H-2. A further increase in X-In results in percolation transition for In2O3 nanocrystals, which form conducting clusters (threads) of In2O3, with electrical conductivity that is much higher than that of SnO2. The transition from conduction through the SnO2 crystals to conduction through the In2O3 crystals in the composite films occurs at X-In in the range about 20-50 wt.%. For X-In >= 50 wt.%, theta(com) is entirely determined by the sensory properties of the In2O3 conducting clusters, and electron transfer from In2O3 clusters to SnO2 results in a decrease of theta(com). (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Journal Title

Sensors and Actuators B-Chemical

Volume

169

Publication Date

1-1-2012

Document Type

Article

Language

English

First Page

32

Last Page

38

WOS Identifier

WOS:000305719600005

ISSN

0925-4005

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