A controllable viewing angle LCD with an optically isotropic liquid crystal
Abbreviated Journal Title
J. Phys. D-Appl. Phys.
BLUE PHASES; DISPLAY; CELL; Physics, Applied
An optically isotropic liquid crystal (LC) such as a blue phase LC or an optically isotropic nano-structured LC exhibits a very wide viewing angle because the induced birefringence is along the in-plane electric field. Utilizing such a material, we propose a liquid crystal display (LCD) whose viewing angle can be switched from wide view to narrow view using only one panel. In the device, each pixel is divided into two parts: a major pixel and a sub-pixel. The main pixels display the images while the sub-pixels control the viewing angle. In the main pixels, birefringence is induced by horizontal electric fields through inter-digital electrodes leading to a wide viewing angle, while in the sub-pixels, birefringence is induced by the vertical electric field so that phase retardation occurs only at oblique angles. As a result, the dark state (or contrast ratio) of the entire pixel can be controlled by the voltage of the sub-pixels. Such a switchable viewing angle LCD is attractive for protecting personal privacy.
Journal of Physics D-Applied Physics
"A controllable viewing angle LCD with an optically isotropic liquid crystal" (2010). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 359.