Title

The Established Status Epilepticus Trial 2013

Authors

Authors

T. Bleck; H. Cock; J. Chamberlain; J. Cloyd; J. Connor; J. Elm; N. Fountain; E. Jones; D. Lowenstein; S. Shinnar; R. Silbergleit; D. Treiman; E. Trinka;J. Kapur

Comments

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Abbreviated Journal Title

Epilepsia

Keywords

Comparative efficacy; Bayesian design; Fosphenytoin; Levetiracetam; Valproic acid; CONVULSIVE STATUS EPILEPTICUS; FEBRILE STATUS EPILEPTICUS; CHILDREN; EPIDEMIOLOGY; MANAGEMENT; FEBSTAT; Clinical Neurology

Abstract

Benzodiazepine-refractory status epilepticus (established status epilepticus, ESE) is a relatively common emergency condition with several widely used treatments. There are no controlled, randomized, blinded clinical trials to compare the efficacy and tolerability of currently available treatments for ESE. The ESE treatment trial is designed to determine the most effective and/or the least effective treatment of ESE among patients older than 2years by comparing three arms: fosphenytoin (fPHT) levetiracetam (LVT), and valproic acid (VPA). This is a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, Bayesian adaptive, phase III comparative effectiveness trial. Up to 795 patients will be randomized initially 1:1:1, and response-adaptive randomization will occur after 300 patients have been recruited. Randomization will be stratified by three age groups, 2-18, 19-65, and 66 and older. The primary outcome measure is cessation of clinical seizure activity and improving mental status, without serious adverse effects or further intervention at 60min after administration of study drug. Each subject will be followed until discharge or 30days from enrollment. This trial will include interim analyses for early success and futility. This trial will be considered a success if the probability that a treatment is the most effective is >0.975 or the probability that a treatment is the least effective is >0.975 for any treatment. Proposed total sample size is 795, which provides 90% power to identify the most effective and/or the least effective treatment when one treatment arm has a true response rate of 65% and the true response rate is 50% in the other two arms.

Journal Title

Epilepsia

Volume

54

Publication Date

1-1-2013

Document Type

Article

Language

English

First Page

89

Last Page

92

WOS Identifier

WOS:000323826600026

ISSN

0013-9580

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