Impairment of baroreflex control of heart rate and structural changes of cardiac ganglia in conscious streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice
Abbreviated Journal Title
Auton. Neurosci-Basic Clin.
Baroreflex; Nucleus ambiguus; Vagal efferent; Cardiac ganglia; Heart; Diabetes; NUCLEUS AMBIGUUS; AUTONOMIC NEUROPATHY; INDUCED HYPERTENSION; TRANSGENIC; MICE; SENSITIVITY; MELLITUS; OVE26; NEPHROPATHY; MOTONEURONS; DYSFUNCTION; Neurosciences
Baroreflex control of heart rate (HR) is impaired in human diabetes mellitus and in large experimental models. However, baroreflex impairment in diabetic mouse models and diabetes-induced remodeling of baroreflex circuitry are not well studied. We examined the impairment of baroreflex control of heart rate (HR) and assessed structural remodeling of cardiac ganglia in the streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mouse model. FVB mice were either injected with vehicle or STZ. Group 1: mice were anesthetized and the femoral artery and vein were catheterized at the 30th day after vehicle or SIT injection. On the second day after surgery, baroreflex-mediated HR responses to sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and phenylephrine (FE)-induced mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) changes were measured in conscious mice. Group 2: Fluoro-Gold was administered (i.p.) to label cardiac ganglia in each mouse at the 25th day after vehicle or STZ injection. After another five days, animals were perfused and cardiac ganglia were examined using confocal microscopy. Compared with control, we found in STZ mice: 1) the HR decreased, but MABP did not. 2) The PE-induced increases of MABP were decreased. 3) Baroreflex bradycardia was attenuated in the rapid MABP ascending phase but the steady-state Delta HR/Delta MABP was not different at all PE doses. 4) SNP-induced MABP decreases were not different. 5) Baroreflex tachycardia was attenuated. 6) The sizes of cardiac ganglia and ganglionic principal neurons were decreased. 7) The ratio of nucleus/cell body of cardiac ganglionic neurons was increased. We conclude that baroreflex control of HR is impaired in conscious SIT mice. In addition, diabetes may induce a significant structural remodeling of cardiac ganglia. Such an anatomical change of cardiac ganglia may provide new information for the understanding of diabetes-induced remodeling of the multiple components within the baroreflex circuitry. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Autonomic Neuroscience-Basic & Clinical
"Impairment of baroreflex control of heart rate and structural changes of cardiac ganglia in conscious streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice" (2010). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 440.