beta-Hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB)-free acid attenuates circulating TNF-alpha and TNFR1 expression postresistance exercise
Abbreviated Journal Title
J. Appl. Physiol.
muscle damage; immune function; protein; supplement; recovery; TUMOR-NECROSIS-FACTOR; PLASMA CYTOKINE RESPONSE; MUSCLE; PROTEIN-SYNTHESIS; BODY-COMPOSITION; SKELETAL-MUSCLE; ECCENTRIC; EXERCISE; POLYMORPHONUCLEAR NEUTROPHILS; INFLAMMATORY RESPONSE; RESISTANCE-EXERCISE; HMB SUPPLEMENTATION; Physiology; Sport Sciences
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate-free acid (HMB-FA) and cold-water immersion (CWI) on circulating concentrations of TNF-alpha and monocyte TNF-alpha receptor 1 (TNFR1) expression. Forty resistance-trained men (22.3 +/- 2.4 yr) were randomized into four groups [placebo (PL), HMB-FA, CWI, and HMB-FA-CWI] and performed an acute, intense exercise protocol (four sets of up to 10 repetitions of the squat, dead lift, and split squat). Participants also performed four sets of up to 10 repetitions of the squat at 24 and 48 h following the initial exercise bout. Blood was sampled before exercise (PRE), immediately postexercise (IP), and 30 min, 24 h, and 48 h postexercise (30P, 24P, and 48P, respectively). Circulating TNF-alpha was assayed, and TNFR1 expression on CD14+ monocytes was measured by flow cytometry. The exercise protocol significantly elevated TNF-alpha in only PL (P = 0.006) and CWI (P = 0.045) IP. Mean percent changes show that TNF-alpha significantly increased from PRE to IP for only PL and CWI groups (P = 0.05), whereas the percent change of TNF-alpha for HMB-FA and HMB-FA-CWI was not significant. TNFR1 expression was elevated in PL (P = 0.023) and CWI (P = 0.02) at 30P compared with PRE, whereas both HMB-FA-treated groups did not increase significantly. In conclusion, HMB-FA attenuated circulating TNF-alpha IP and TNFR1 expression during recovery compared with PL and CWI. HMB-FA supplementation may attenuate the initial immune response to intense exercise, which may reduce recovery time following intense exercise.
Journal of Applied Physiology
"beta-Hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB)-free acid attenuates circulating TNF-alpha and TNFR1 expression postresistance exercise" (2013). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 4765.