Title

International Society of Sports Nutrition Position Stand: beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB)

Authors

Authors

J. M. Wilson; P. J. Fitschen; B. Campbell; G. J. Wilson; N. Zanchi; L. Taylor; C. Wilborn; D. S. Kalman; J. R. Stout; J. R. Hoffman; T. N. Ziegenfuss; H. L. Lopez; R. B. Kreider; A. E. Smith-Ryan;J. Antonio

Comments

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Abbreviated Journal Title

J. Int. Soc. Sport Nutr.

Keywords

INDUCED MUSCLE DAMAGE; ACTIVATED PROTEIN-KINASE; BODY-COMPOSITION; SKELETAL-MUSCLE; METHYL-BUTYRATE; AMINO-ACIDS; TRANSLATION INITIATION; SUPPLEMENTATION; STRENGTH; LEUCINE; Nutrition & Dietetics; Sport Sciences

Abstract

Position Statement: The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) bases the following position stand on a critical analysis of the literature on the use of beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB) as a nutritional supplement. The ISSN has concluded the following. 1. HMB can be used to enhance recovery by attenuating exercise induced skeletal muscle damage in trained and untrained populations. 2. If consuming HMB, an athlete will benefit from consuming the supplement in close proximity to their workout. 3. HMB appears to be most effective when consumed for 2 weeks prior to an exercise bout. 4. Thirty-eight mg center dot kg center dot BM-1 daily of HMB has been demonstrated to enhance skeletal muscle hypertrophy, strength, and power in untrained and trained populations when the appropriate exercise prescription is utilized. 5. Currently, two forms of HMB have been used: Calcium HMB (HMB-Ca) and a free acid form of HMB (HMB-FA). HMB-FA may increase plasma absorption and retention of HMB to a greater extent than HMB-CA. However, research with HMB-FA is in its infancy, and there is not enough research to support whether one form is superior. 6. HMB has been demonstrated to increase LBM and functionality in elderly, sedentary populations. 7. HMB ingestion in conjunction with a structured exercise program may result in greater declines in fat mass (FM). 8. HMB's mechanisms of action include an inhibition and increase of proteolysis and protein synthesis, respectively. 9. Chronic consumption of HMB is safe in both young and old populations.

Journal Title

Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition

Volume

10

Publication Date

1-1-2013

Document Type

Review

Language

English

First Page

14

WOS Identifier

WOS:000315490900001

ISSN

1550-2783

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