Title

PT-symmetric optical lattices

Authors

Authors

K. G. Makris; R. El-Ganainy; D. N. Christodoulides;Z. H. Musslimani

Comments

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Abbreviated Journal Title

Phys. Rev. A

Keywords

COMPLEX PERIODIC POTENTIALS; NON-HERMITIAN HAMILTONIANS; REAL; EIGENVALUES; CRYSTALS; DIFFRACTION; EQUATION; SPECTRA; WAVES; LIGHT; Optics; Physics, Atomic, Molecular & Chemical

Abstract

The basic properties of Floquet-Bloch (FB) modes in parity-time (PT)-symmetric optical lattices are examined in detail. Due to the parity-time symmetry of such complex periodic potentials, the corresponding FB modes are skewed (nonorthogonal) and nonreciprocal. The conjugate pairs of these FB modes are obtained by reflecting both the spatial coordinate and the Bloch momentum number itself. The orthogonality conditions are analytically derived for a single cell, for both a finite and an infinite lattice. Some of the peculiarities associated with the diffraction dynamics in PT lattices such as nonreciprocity, power oscillations, and phase dislocations, are also examined.

Journal Title

Physical Review A

Volume

81

Issue/Number

6

Publication Date

1-1-2010

Document Type

Article

Language

English

First Page

10

WOS Identifier

WOS:000278386500007

ISSN

1050-2947

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