Resonance effects and quantum beats in attosecond transient absorption of helium
Abbreviated Journal Title
J. Phys. B-At. Mol. Opt. Phys.
attosecond; transient absorption; wavepacket dynamics; MIRRORS; LIGHT; Optics; Physics, Atomic, Molecular & Chemical
We present theoretical simulations of the attosecond transient absorption of singly-excited states of helium atoms in the presence of a dressing near-infrared or infrared laser. In particular, we aim to address several unresolved questions in the transient absorption of helium and to resolve the remaining discrepancies between theory and experiment. We initially focus on the forklike structures in the Autler-Townes splitting of the 1s2p state and the effects of resonant coupling to the 1s2s and 1s3s states. We find that the delay-dependent features of the Autler-Townes doublet depend strongly on both the laser frequency detuning from resonance and on the laser pulse duration, and explain the lack of such structures in current experimental data. Next, we identify the interference mechanism which causes the half-cycle oscillations in the absorption spectrum below the excited state manifold. Finally, we observe for the first time the presence of quantum beating in the simulated transient absorption spectrogram, and discuss the conditions under which such wavepacket dynamics could be observed experimentally.
Journal of Physics B-Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics
"Resonance effects and quantum beats in attosecond transient absorption of helium" (2014). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 5179.