Revisiting broken windows theory: A test of the mediation impact of social mechanisms on the disorder-fear relationship
Abbreviated Journal Title
J. Crim. Justice
DISORGANIZATION THEORY; COLLECTIVE EFFICACY; URBAN NEIGHBORHOODS; MULTILEVEL ANALYSIS; POLICE LEGITIMACY; PERCEIVED RISK; ROBBERY RATES; CRIME; PERCEPTIONS; VICTIMIZATION; Criminology & Penology
Purpose: Broken windows theory predicts that disorder signals a lack of neighborhood control, sparks fear of crime, and sets off a chain reaction ultimately resulting in crime. Support has been found for the disorder-fear link, but the present study argues that this link is actually intended to be indirect perceived loss of control is what should cause fear. Methods: Hierarchical linear models and structural equation models test four hypotheses regarding whether social cohesion and expectations for social control mediate the disorder-fear relationship. Results: Results support partial mediation. Conclusion: Results suggest confirmation of a portion of broken windows theory, in that disorder may inspire fear partially as a result of its detrimental impact on neighborhood cohesion and shared expectations for social control. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Journal of Criminal Justice
"Revisiting broken windows theory: A test of the mediation impact of social mechanisms on the disorder-fear relationship" (2014). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 5350.