A Two-Stage Kalman Filter Approach for Robust and Real-Time Power System State Estimation
Abbreviated Journal Title
J. Am. Hist.
Adaptive Kalman filter; bad data processing; phasor measurement units; (PMUs); power system dynamic state; robust state estimation; Energy & Fuels; Engineering, Electrical & Electronic
As electricity demand continues to grow and renewable energy increases its penetration in the power grid, real-time state estimation becomes essential for system monitoring and control. Recent development in phasor technology makes it possible with high-speed time-synchronized data provided by phasor measurement units (PMUs). In this paper, we present a two-stage Kalman filter approach to estimate the static state of voltage magnitudes and phase angles, as well as the dynamic state of generator rotor angles and speeds. Kalman filters achieve optimal performance only when the system noise characteristics have known statistical properties (zero-mean, Gaussian, and spectrally white). However, in practice, the process and measurement noise models are usually difficult to obtain. Thus, we have developed the adaptive Kalman filter with inflatable noise variances (AKF with InNoVa), an algorithm that can efficiently identify and reduce the impact of incorrect system modeling and/or erroneous measurements. In stage one, we estimate the static state from raw PMU measurements using the AKF with InNoVa; then in stage two, the estimated static state is fed into an extended Kalman filter to estimate the dynamic state. The simulations demonstrate its robustness to sudden changes of system dynamics and erroneous measurements.
J. H. Zhang; G. Welch; G. Bishop;Z. Y. Huang
"A Two-Stage Kalman Filter Approach for Robust and Real-Time Power System State Estimation" (2014). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 5668.