A chemical biology approach identified PI3K as a potential therapeutic target for neurofibromatosis type 2
Abbreviated Journal Title
Am. J. Transl. Res.
Neurofibromatosis type 2; phenotypic high-throughput screen; PI3K; PI3K; inhibitor; apoptosis; autophagy; PHOSPHOINOSITIDE 3-KINASE PATHWAY; PHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOL 3-KINASE; SIGNALING PATHWAYS; HUMAN SCHWANNOMAS; CANCER CELLS; GENE; NF2; INHIBITOR; MERLIN; MUTATIONS; Oncology; Medicine, Research & Experimental
Mutations in the merlin tumor suppressor gene cause Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2), which is a disease characterized by development of multiple benign tumors in the nervous system. The current standard of care for NF2 calls for surgical resection of the characteristic tumors, often with devastating neurological consequences. There are currently no approved non-surgical therapies for NF2. In an attempt to identify much needed targets and therapeutically active compounds for NF2 treatment, we employed a chemical biology approach using ultra-highthroughput screening. To support this goal, we created a merlin-null mouse Schwann cell (MSC) line to screen for compounds that selectively decrease their viability and proliferation. We optimized conditions for 384-well plate assays and executed a proof-of-concept screen of the Library of Pharmacologically Active Compounds. Further confirmatory and selectivity assays identified phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) as a potential NF2 drug target. Notably, loss of merlin function is associated with activation of the PI3K/Akt pathway in human schwannomas. We report that AS605240, a PI3K inhibitor, decreased merlin-null MSC viability in a dose-dependent manner without significantly decreasing viability of control Schwann cells. AS605240 exerted its action on merlin-null MSCs by promoting caspase-dependent apoptosis and inducing autophagy. Additional PI3K inhibitors tested also decreased viability of merlin-null MSCs in a dose-dependent manner. In summary, our chemical genomic screen and subsequent hit validation studies have identified PI3K as potential target for NF2 therapy.
American Journal of Translational Research
"A chemical biology approach identified PI3K as a potential therapeutic target for neurofibromatosis type 2" (2014). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 5951.