Title

Fast-Response Liquid Crystal Microlens

Authors

Authors

S. Xu; Y. Li; Y. Liu; J. Sun; H. W. Ren;S. T. Wu

Comments

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Abbreviated Journal Title

Micromachines

Keywords

liquid crystal; microlens; polymer; blue phase liquid crystal; PHASE MODULATORS; SUBMILLISECOND-RESPONSE; OPTICAL ZOOM; BLUE PHASES; LENS; ARRAY; ELECTRODES; TIME; DISPLAYS; SYSTEM; Nanoscience & Nanotechnology; Instruments & Instrumentation

Abstract

Electrically tunable liquid crystal microlenses have attracted strong research attention due to their advantages of tunable focusing, voltage actuation, low power consumption, simple fabrication, compact structure, and good stability. They are expected to be essential optical devices with widespread applications. However, the slow response time of nematic liquid crystal (LC) microlenses has been a significant technical barrier to practical applications and commercialization. LC/polymer composites, consisting of LC and monomer, are an important extension of pure LC systems, which offer more flexibility and much richer functionality than LC alone. Due to the anchoring effect of a polymer network, microlenses, based on LC/polymer composites, have relatively fast response time in comparison with pure nematic LC microlenses. In addition, polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal (PS-BPLC) based on Kerr effect is emerging as a promising candidate for new photonics application. The major attractions of PS-BPLC are submillisecond response time and no need for surface alignment layer. In this paper, we review two types of fast-response microlenses based on LC/polymer composites: polymer dispersed/stabilized nematic LC and polymer-stabilized blue phase LC. Their basic operating principles are introduced and recent progress is reviewed by examples from recent literature. Finally, the major challenges and future perspectives are discussed.

Journal Title

Micromachines

Volume

5

Issue/Number

2

Publication Date

1-1-2014

Document Type

Review

Language

English

First Page

300

Last Page

324

WOS Identifier

WOS:000338343700013

ISSN

2072-666X

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