Title

Climatic Variability Leads to Later Seasonal Flowering of Floridian Plants

Authors

Authors

B. Von Holle; Y. Wei;D. Nickerson

Comments

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Abbreviated Journal Title

PLoS One

Keywords

PHENOLOGICAL RESPONSE; PERSPECTIVE; SUCCESS; Multidisciplinary Sciences

Abstract

Understanding species responses to global change will help predict shifts in species distributions as well as aid in conservation. Changes in the timing of seasonal activities of organisms over time may be the most responsive and easily observable indicator of environmental changes associated with global climate change. It is unknown how global climate change will affect species distributions and developmental events in subtropical ecosystems or if climate change will differentially favor nonnative species. Contrary to previously observed trends for earlier flowering onset of plant species with increasing spring temperatures from mid and higher latitudes, we document a trend for delayed seasonal flowering among plants in Florida. Additionally, there were few differences in reproductive responses by native and nonnative species to climatic changes. We argue that plants in Florida have different reproductive cues than those from more northern climates. With global change, minimum temperatures have become more variable within the temperate-subtropical zone that occurs across the peninsula and this variation is strongly associated with delayed flowering among Florida plants. Our data suggest that climate change varies by region and season and is not a simple case of species responding to consistently increasing temperatures across the region. Research on climate change impacts need to be extended outside of the heavily studied higher latitudes to include subtropical and tropical systems in order to properly understand the complexity of regional and seasonal differences of climate change on species responses.

Journal Title

Plos One

Volume

5

Issue/Number

7

Publication Date

1-1-2010

Document Type

Article

Language

English

First Page

9

WOS Identifier

WOS:000280197500003

ISSN

1932-6203

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