Omi, also known as HtrA2, is a mammalian pro-apoptotic mitochondrial protein and a member of the HtrA (high temperature requirement A) family of serine proteases. Omi promotes the caspase-dependent apoptotic pathway through cleavage of IAPs (inhibitor of apoptosis proteins); this cleavage inactivates IAPs and facilitates caspase activity. Omi's proteolytic activity is necessary and essential for its pro-apoptotic function. This study is aimed to further understand the role of Omi in the cytoplasm by using the yeast two-hybrid system to identify novel Omi interactors/substrates. A HeLa (cervical carcinoma cell line) cDNA library was screened using Omi as a "bait" protein. One of the proteins indentified in this screen as a strong Omi interactor was the S5a protein and was selected for further analysis. S5a is a soluble cytosolic mammalian protein and a component of the proteasome's 19S regulatory subunit. The proteasome is a large cytosolic protein complex responsible for the controlled degradation of damaged or denatured cellular proteins. Further characterization of the interaction through an in vitro proteolytic assay demonstrated that Omi can cleaves recombinant S5a protein. This data suggests that S5a is a bona fide substrate of Omi that is degraded upon induction of apoptosis. It also provides a new mechanism that leads to the inactivation of the proteasome during cell death.
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Bachelor of Science (B.S.)
Burnett School of Biomedical Sciences
Dissertations, Academic -- Medicine;Medicine -- Dissertations, Academic
Length of Campus-only Access
Honors in the Major Thesis
Ward, Nathan, "Isolation and characterization of a novel substrate for the pro-apoptotic Omi/HtrA2 protease" (2012). HIM 1990-2015. 1314.