Tuberculosis, caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), remains a debilitating disease that affects the health of millions annually. Understanding its ability to persist within host and resist eradication by antibiotics is of utmost importance in the effort to develop new interventions. This study will focus on the transcriptional activator WhiB7 and its regulation of the multidrug Tap efflux pump encoded by Rv1258c. WhiB7 is thought to respond to redox stress induced by antibiotics and a variety of in vivo stresses by activating multiple genes including Rv1258c. Much remains to be determined regarding the role of WhiB7 and downstream genes in Mtb virulence and drug resistance. We will create a tool for studying WhiB7-mediated gene regulation by engineering a strain of the nonpathogenic bacterium Msm expressing the mCherry fluorescent protein controlled by the Rv1258c promoter. Knocking out the native WhiB7 gene in Msm via homologous recombination will allow clear introduction of wild type and mutant versions of Mtb WhiB7. Changes in the fluorescent activity of Rv1258c promoter fusion to mCherry will indicate the effects of WhiB7 mutagenesis. Secondly, we can also use this system to confirm additional genes identified by microarray analysis that are potentially regulated by WhiB7. This will be done by cloning other promoters in front of mCherry in the Msm strain containing wild-type Mtb WhiB7. Understanding WhiB7â€™s role in Mycobacterium tuberculosis macrophage survival and antibiotic resistance may provide new strategies for developing drugs that can lead to a cure.
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Rohde, Kyle; Saleh, Suha
Bachelor of Science (B.S.)
College of Health and Public Affairs
Dissertations, Academic -- Health and Public Affairs; Health and Public Affairs -- Dissertations, Academic
Length of Campus-only Access
Honors in the Major Thesis
Pollock, Aaron, "Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Regulation of Efflux Pump Tap By Transcriptional Activator WhiB7" (2014). HIM 1990-2015. 1837.