Abstract

This paper describes how a force response equation was created to model muscles, tendons, and ligaments of the hip joint to improve a biomechanical model of an infant hip to study Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH). DDH is the most common abnormality in newborn infants and is defined as any amount of instability in the hip including complete dislocation. Researchers at our institution are attempting to increase the success rate of treatment methods by creating computer models of the biomechanics of infant hip instability and dislocation. The computer model used a scaled adult pelvis, femur, tibia, fibula and foot to match the size of an infant for the bone geometry. The current infant muscle model is an undifferentiated model based on the area of a single infant muscle, for all muscles modeled. This muscle model was able to provide some insight into the nature of the biomechanics. To improve the infant muscle model, a set of equations differentiated by muscle area was developed. The new set of equations uses a ratio of infant over adult muscle area of a single muscle to create a ratio that can be used to scale all adult muscle areas to infant areas. This model will be more physiologically accurate because it will be differentiated based on muscle area.

Notes

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Thesis Completion

2015

Semester

Fall

Advisor

Kassab, Alain J.

Degree

Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering (B.S.M.E.)

College

College of Engineering and Computer Science

Department

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Degree Program

Mechanical Engineering

Subjects

Dissertations, Academic -- Engineering and Computer Science; Engineering and Computer Science -- Dissertations, Academic

Format

PDF

Identifier

CFH0004896

Language

English

Access Status

Open Access

Length of Campus-only Access

None

Document Type

Honors in the Major Thesis

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