The influence of gender role typing on stereotyping the sexes and exceptionalism
The purpose of the present study was to assess the degree to which individuals stereotype the sexes and perceive that they are an exception to the "gender rule” when comparing themselves to others. Participants were segregated by sex and gender type (masculine, feminine, androgynous, undifferentiated) as determined by the Bem Sex Role Inventory. Male and female participants reported: that men exhibit masculine attributes more than women do, that women exhibit feminine attributes more than men do, and that women exhibit negative attributes (e.g., whiny, submissive) more than men do. Males and females viewed women as possessing the stereotypical feminine personality (low in masculine attributes, high in feminine attributes, and high in negative attributes) and viewed men as possessing the stereotypical masculine personality (high in masculine attributes, low in feminine attributes, and low negative attributes). Male and female participants, when comparing themselves to others, reported that they exhibit masculine attributes more than women do, that they exhibit feminine attributes more than men do, and that they exhibit negative attributes less than women do. Females viewed themselves as an exception to the "gender rule" (high in masculine attributes, lower in feminine attributes, and low in negative attributes) when they compared themselves to other women. Findings are related to social stereotypes, sex discrimination, and women's sexism toward other women.
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Dunn, Stacey T.
Bachelor of Science (B.S.)
College of Arts and Sciences
Arts and Sciences -- Dissertations, Academic;Dissertations, Academic -- Arts and Sciences
Length of Campus-only Access
Honors in the Major Thesis
Touhy, Carol M., "The influence of gender role typing on stereotyping the sexes and exceptionalism" (1997). HIM 1990-2015. 97.