Keywords

Anaerobic bacteria, Bacteria classification

Abstract

Section I: Facultative and obligatory anaerobic bacteria were isolated from the ground water of a sanitary landfill characterized by sandy soil and a periodically high water table. Isolates were examined for 63 characteristics and subject to numerical analysis. Eight clusters were established and correlations with conventional taxonomy were made. The Bacteriodaceae were found to be the dominant group of organisms by the methods employed. The anaerobic population was observed to decrease as the period of seasonal rainfall ended. At the same time, gram positive anaerobes were largely replaced with gram negative ones. Leaching between sampling sites (wells) made correlations between metabolic end products (observed by gas-liquid chromatography) and metabolites produced by the organisms in vitro, impossible. Attempts were made to modify the original test battery to create a smaller battery which would yield approximately the same groupings as the original battery. Clusters became less discreet with these modifications and probably unacceptable for detailed taxonomic work. Section II: An index is described which measure the "goodness of fit" of an organism within a phenon as established by numerical taxonomy. A hypothetical mean organism was established for each phenon. Similarity and relevance coefficients were generated between this hypothetical organism and each member of the phenon. The product of these two coefficients has been termed the Index of Relevance and Similarity (IRS). This index ranges from zero to unity and can be generated with two-state and/or multistate data.

Notes

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Graduation Date

1975

Advisor

Charba, Julius F.

Degree

Master of Science (M.S.)

College

College of Natural Sciences

Degree Program

Biological Sciences

Format

PDF

Pages

vi, 70 pages

Language

English

Rights

Public Domain

Length of Campus-only Access

None

Access Status

Masters Thesis (Open Access)

Identifier

DP0012696

Subjects

Anaerobic bacteria, Bacteria -- Classification

Collection (Linked data)

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Included in

Biology Commons

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