This study, drawing from theories of structural power and exchange, verified the hypotheses that the mechanisms, dynamics, and direction of violence in intimate relationships depends on the resources of each partner, the ratio of such resources, and their summative effects. Specifically, this study developed a framework that integrates the factors found related to domestic violence and defined as resources, and took into account their reward power, with reference to the status quo of the partners, to determine each partner's power within the relationship. The resources considered have included variables from four domains, individual, relational, social structural, and sociocultural. Existing gender-based and race-based theories have been challenged withe the belief that a unidimensional representation of victims and perpetrators does not exist. Building on Malm's Theory of Coercive Power in Exchange, couple data from the National Survey of Family and Households, Wave 1, were used to test the hypothesis that the probability of a partner's initiation of coercive power depends on his/her power disadvantage in the relationship. The results showed a 75.3% accurate prediction of the presence of violence and an 84% accurate prediction of the direction of violence and supported the hypotheses of this study. The finding suggest the usefulness of utilizing couple data and multiple predictors from different domains.
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Master of Arts (M.A.)
College of Arts and Sciences
Sociology and Anthropology
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Length of Campus-only Access
Masters Thesis (Open Access)
Arts and Sciences -- Dissertations, Academic; Dissertations, Academic -- Arts and Sciences
Gianesini, Giovanna, "A Multivariate Approach to the Dynamic of Violence within Intimate Relationships: An Application of Theory of Coercive Power in Exchange" (2000). Retrospective Theses and Dissertations. 1845.