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Ahwee, Suzette, et al., "The Hidden and Null Curriculum: An Experiment in Collective Educational Biography," Educational Studies, 35(February, 2004), 25-43., Suzette Ahwee

Annotation: Gives examples from schooling of the hidden and the null curriculum along with a literature summary of the two topics.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry, Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Hidden Curriculum, Ideology and School Knowledge

Anyon, Jean, "Social Class and the Hidden Curriculum of Work," Journal of Education (Boston University), 162(Winter, 1980), 67-92. Reprinted pp. 366-389 in James R. Gress, ed., Curriculum: An Introduction to the Field. Berkeley, CA: McCutchan, 1988., Jean Anyon

Annotation: Examines contrasting schools differentiated by social class and finds reproduction of economic relationship in each.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum, Ideology and School Knowledge

Apple, Michael W., "Analyzing Determinations: Understanding and Evaluating the Production of Social Outcomes in Schools," Curriculum Inquiry, 10(Spring, 1980), 55-76.*, Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Presents an analysis of ideological and practical tendencies for and against reproduction and socialization in a school and suggests how this may be used in evaluating and explaining outcomes.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Defining Curriculum Research Questions
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Evaluative Inquiry, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Hidden Curriculum

Apple, Michael W., "Away with All Teachers: The Cultural Politics of Home Schooling," pp. 149 -173 in David M. Callejo Perez, Stephen M. Fain, and Judith J.Slater, eds., Pedagogy of Place: Seeing Space as Cultural Education. New York: Peter Lang, 2004., Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Analyzes the motives for home schooling and its advantages and disadvantages along with policy implications.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Visions and Philosophies, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Normative Inquiry, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Alternatives in Education, Criticism of Schooling, Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Curriculum and Politics, Ethical Issues in Curriculum, Hidden Curriculum, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Religious & Private Schooling, Values in the Classroom

Apple, Michael W., "The Hidden Curriculum and the Nature of Conflict," Interchange, 2(No. 4, 1971), 27-40. Reprinted pp. 95-119 in William Pinar, ed., Curriculum Theorizing: The Reconceptualists. Berkeley, CA: McCutchan, 1975., Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Discusses the hidden curriculum and the part conflict plays in it.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Critical Inquiry, Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum, Curriculum and Politics, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Apple, Michael W., "The Other Side of the Hidden Curriculum: Correspondence Theories and the Labor Process," Journal of Education (Boston University), 162(Winter, 1980), 47-66. A version appears in Interchange, 11(no. 3, 1980-81), 5-22., Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Discusses the hidden curriculum and the norms of the workplace, including women's work, and how schools can take action.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum, Curriculum and Politics

Apple, Michael W., "The Political Economy of Text Publishing," Educational Theory, 34(Fall, 1984), 307-319. A version appears pp. 81-105 in his Teachers and Texts. New York: Routledge & Kagan Paul, 1986., Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Describes the economics of textbook publishing and the resulting ideological hegemony.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Textbooks, Hidden Curriculum, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Apple, Michael W., "What Correspondence Theories of the Hidden Curriculum Miss," The Review of Education, 5(Spring, 1979), 101-112., Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Reviews Paul Willis' Learning to Labor, 1977.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Ideology and School Knowledge, Hidden Curriculum

Apple, Michael W., and Landon E. Beyer, "Social Evaluation of Curriculum," Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 5(Winter, 1983), 425-434. Reprinted pp. 334-449 in Landon W. Beyer and Michael W. Apple, eds., The Curriculum: Problems, Politics, and Possibilities . Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1988; and revised as Ch. 4 in Michael W. Apple, ed., Power, Meaning, and Identity. New York: Peter Lang, 1999.*, Michael W. Apple and Landon E. Beyer

Annotation: Poses a way of evaluating curriculum that takes into account social, economic, and ideological purposes.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Defining Curriculum Research Questions
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Evaluative Inquiry, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Hidden Curriculum

Apple, Michael W. and Nancy King, "What Do Schools Teach?" Curriculum Inquiry, 6 (No. 4, 1977), 341-358. Reprinted pp. 108-126 in Alex Molnar and John A. Zahorik, eds., Curriculum Theory, Washington, DC: ASCD, 1977. Reprinted pp. 29-47 in Richard H. Weller, ed., Humanistic Education: Visions and Realities, Berkeley, CA: McCutchan, 1977. Reprinted pp. 442-470 in George Willis, ed., Qualitative Evaluation, Berkeley, CA: McCutchan, 1978.*, Michael W. Apple and Nancy King

Annotation: Explores the social meaning of school experience in a kindergarten class related to play, work, etc.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum, Ideology and School Knowledge, Early Childhood Curriculum

Arnot, M., and Geoff Whitty, "School Texts, the Hidden Curriculum and the Curriculum-in-use: A British Review of Recent American Contributions to the Sociology of the Curriculum," Discourse, 3(No. 1, 1982), 1-21., M. Arnot and Geoff Whitty

Annotation: Comments on scholarship in the U. S. on these topics.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Textbooks, Hidden Curriculum, Comparative Curriculum, Ideology and School Knowledge

Assor, Ari, and David Gordon, "The Implicit Learning Theory of Hidden-Curriculum Research," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 19(July-August, 1987), 329-339., Ari Assor and David Gordon

Annotation: Explains the effects of learning theory on our view of the hidden curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Psychology and Curriculum, Hidden Curriculum

Au, Wayne, and Joseph J. Ferrare, eds., Mapping Corporate Education Reform: Power and Policy Networks in the Neoliberal State. New York: Routledge, 2015., Wayne Au and Joseph J. Ferrare

Annotation: Presents several studies using policy network analysis to demonstrate the webs of involvement of corporate and other non-governmental organizations in governing educational reform under neoliberal assumptions; examples include Teach For America, Pearson, and others from US, China, and Chile.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Government Role in Educational Research & Development, Hidden Curriculum, Ideology and School Knowledge, Religious & Private Schooling, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Bialystok, Lauren, " 'My Child, My Choice'? Mandatory Curriculum, Sex, and the Conscience of Parents," Educational Theory, 68(No. 1, 2018), 11-29., Lauren Bialystok

Annotation: Analyzes the issues involved in parents' opting their children out of certain sex education topics vs the rights of civil society to support the rights of children to a comprehensive sex education curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry--Speculative Essay, Content Analysis, Philosopical Inquiry--Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: SIngle Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Physical Education, Hidden Curriculum, Ethical Issues in Curriculum, Curriculum Aims and Objectives

Bullough, Robert V., Jr., Stanley L. Goldstein, and Ladd Holt, Human Interests in the Curriculum: Teaching and Learning in a Technological Society . New York: Teachers College Press, 1984., Robert V. Bullough Jr., Stanley L. Goldstein, and Ladd Holt

Annotation: Critiques four school programs and discusses the need to confront technocratic education.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Ideology and School Knowledge, Hidden Curriculum, Social Efficiency/Control

Burbules, Nicholas C., "The Hidden Curriculum and the Latent Function of Schooling: Two Overlapping Perspectives." 2. "Who Hides the Hidden Curriculum," pp. 281-291 in C. J. B. Macmillan, ed., Philosophy of Education, 1980. Proceedings of the 36th Annual Meeting of the Philosophy of Education Society. Normal, IL: Philosophy of Education Society, ISU, 1981., Nicholas C. Burbules

Annotation: Gives an analysis of various perspectives on the hidden curriculum's place in serving a latent function of schooling.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making,Defining Curriculum Research Questions
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum, Curriculum Aims and Objectives

Burke, Kenneth, and Avner Segall, "Christianity and Its Legacy in Education," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 43(No. 5, 2011), 631-658., Kenneth Burke and Avner Segall

Annotation: Analyzes the relationship between religion and education; examines historically the remnants of Christian thought in U. S. schooling (dates-B.C./A.D.; terms-dean, mission,academic gowns; apple-as metaphor; childhood-as innocent or deviant; conversion-regulation of behavior, et cet.); addresses implications of this analysis.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Hidden Curriculum

Carlson, Dennis, "'Updating' Individualism and the Work Ethic: Corporate Logic in the Classroom," Curriculum Inquiry, 12(Summer, 1982), 125-160., Dennis Carlson

Annotation: Discusses work in advanced capitalist countries, worker compliance and resistance, the Individualized Instructional Planning model as a form of human control, and related student compliance and resistance.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Hidden Curriculum, Social Efficiency/Control

Dreeben, Robert, On What is Learned in School . Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1968., Robert Dreeben

Annotation: Reports a sociological study of the nature of schooling and socialization; examines families' structure and conduct, normative outcomes of schooling, and schooling toward norms and work.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum

Dreeben, Robert, "The Unwritten Curriculum and its Relation to Values," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 8(November, 1976), 111-124.*, Robert Dreeben

Annotation: Describes the unwritten or hidden curriculum and describes how it works.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Eggleston, John, "Sociology and the Curriculum," pp.1-7, and "Sociological Approaches to the School Curriculum," pp. 8-21 in John Eggleston, The Sociology of the School Curriculum . London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1977.*, John Eggleston

Annotation: Reviews processes of sociological analysis of the curriculum and of various early approaches to this form of inquiry.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Definitions, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry, Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Hidden Curriculum

Eisner, Elliot W., "Curriculum Ideologies," pp. 302-326 in Philip W. Jackson, ed., Handbook of Research on Curriculum. New York: Macmillan, 1992., Elliot W. Eisner

Annotation: Reviews the role and function of ideologies in curriculum; discusses religious orthodoxy, rational humanism, progressivism, critical theory, reconceptualism, and cognitive pluralism.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Inquiry Language in Curriculum Research, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis, Normative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Ennis, Catherine D., "When Avoiding Confrontation Leads to Avoiding Content: Disruptive Students' Impact on Curriculum," Journal of Curriculum and Supersision, 11 (Winter, 1996), 145-162., Catherine D. Ennis

Annotation: Reports three types of circumstances in 10 urban high schools where teachers say they aren't teaching certain content due to confrontations by students with teachers.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Hidden Curriculum, Curriculum as Environment, Secondary School Curriculum

Feinberg, Walter, and Jonas F. Soltis, "The Hidden Curriculum Revisited," pp. 59-71 in Walter Feinberg and Jonas F. Soltis, School and Society . New York: Teachers College Press, 1985., Walter Feinberg and Jonas F. Soltis

Annotation: Examines the nature and practice of the hidden curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum

Flinders, David J., Nel Noddings, and Stephen J. Thornton, "The Null Curriculum: Its Theoretical Basis and Practical Applications," Curriculum Inquiry, 16(Spring, 1986), 33-42.*, David J. Flinders, Nel Noddings, and Stephen J. Thornton

Annotation: Analyzes the various meanings, forms, and uses of the null curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories,Curriculum Development, Organization, Design,Inquiry Language in Curriculum Research
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum, Content Selection and Organization

Giroux, Henry A., "Beyond the Limits of Radical Educational Reform: Toward a Critical Theory of Education," The Journal of Curriculum Theorizing, 2 (Winter, 1980), 20-46. Reprinted pp. 63-90 in his Ideology, Culture and the Process of Schooling . Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 1981., Henry A. Giroux

Annotation: Analyzes radical approaches to educational reform and argues that radical critiques can show the limits of these reforms; explains critical theory and its use.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Hidden Curriculum, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Giroux, Henry A., "Critical Pedagogy and the Resisting Intellectual, Part II," Phenomenology + Pedagogy, 3(No. 2, 1985), 84-97., Henry A. Giroux

Annotation: Continues his two-part article from Vol. 3 No. l on the intellectual role of the teacher; discusses four types of intellectuals: resisting, critical, accommodating, and hegemonic.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Hidden Curriculum, Authority of Teacher

Giroux, Henry A., "Critical Theory and Rationality in Citizenship Education," Curriculum Inquiry, 10(Winter, 1980), 329-366., Henry A. Giroux

Annotation: Contrasts three modes of rationality (technical, hermeneutic, and emancipatory) in relation to citizenship education; proposes a theory of citizenship education involving actual experiences engaged in by students.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Phenomenological Inquiry, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Citizenship Education, Teaching/Learning Process, Hidden Curriculum, Ideology and School Knowledge

Giroux, Henry A., "Overcoming Behavioral and Humanistic Objectives," The Educational Forum , 43(May, 1979), 409-419. Reprinted pp. 43-53 in Henry A. Giroux, Teachers as Intellectuals: Toward a Critical Pedagogy of Learning. Granby, MA: Bergin and Garvey, 1988.*, Henry A. Giroux

Annotation: Argues the case for humanistic curriculum objectives and the limits of behavioral objectives.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Content Selection and Organization, Hidden Curriculum, Curriculum and the Disciplines

Giroux, Henry A., "Pedagogy, Pessimism, and the Politics of Conformity: A Reply to Linda McNeil," Curriculum Inquiry, 1(Fall, 1981), 211-222., Henry A. Giroux

Annotation: Replies to McNeil's critique of his article in this journal 10(4), 1980.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Phenomenological Inquiry, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Citizenship Education, Hidden Curriculum, Teaching/Learning Process, Ideology and School Knowledge, Criticism of Schooling

Giroux, Henry A., "Schooling and the Politics of the Hidden Curriculum," pp. 42-71 in his Theory and Resistance in Education: A Pedagogy for the Opposition . Granby, MA: Bergin and Garvey, 1983., Henry A. Giroux

Annotation: Reprints and expands an article from McGill Journal of Education, Fall, 1981.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum, Teaching/Learning Process, Curriculum and Politics

Giroux, Henry A., and Anthony N. Penna, "Social Education in the Classroom: The Dynamics of the Hidden Curriculum," pp. 21-42 in Henry A. Giroux, ed., Teachers as Intellectuals: Toward a Critical Pedagogy of Learning . Granby, MA: Bergin and Garvey, 1988., Henry A. Giroux and Anthony N. Penna

Annotation: Explores the authoritarian effects of the hidden curriculum and how it contrasts with democratic processes; reprinted from Spring, 1979, issue of Theory and Research in Social Education.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Hidden Curriculum, Social Studies

Gordon, David, "Education as Text: The Varieties of Educational Hiddeness," Curriculum Inquiry, 18(Winter, 1988), 425-449., David Gordon

Annotation: Explores the hidden meaning in texts, drawing on Ricoeur and Geertz.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Hermeneutic Inquiry, Normative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum

Gordon, David, "Hidden Curriculum," pp. 484-487 in Lawrence J. Saha, ed., International Encyclopedia of Sociology of Education. Oxford, England: Pergamon Press, 1997.*, David Gordon

Annotation: Defines and analyzes hidden curriculum; interprets its hermenuetic nature.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Definitions
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum

Gordon, David, "Rules and the Effectiveness of the Hidden Curriculum," Journal of Philosophy of Education, 17(No. 2, 1983), 207-218.*, David Gordon

Annotation: Addresses the hidden curriculum in terms of two theorist's views of rules and law.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Definitions, Curriculum Evaluation, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Moral Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum

Gordon, David, "The Concept of the Hidden Curriculum," Journal of Philosophy of Education, 16(No. 2, 1982), 187-198.*, David Gordon

Annotation: Reviews definitions of the hidden curriculum, identifies three related conceptual problems, and pleads for a tighter use of the concept in the radical literature.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Definitions, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Inquiry Language in Curriculum Research, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum

Gordon, David, "The Image of Science, Technological Consciousness, and the Hidden Curriculum," Curriculum Inquiry, 14(Winter, 1984), 367-400., David Gordon

Annotation: Describes images of science transmitted by the hidden curriculum based on analysis of 57 lessons; includes the category system used in the analysis.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Gordon, David, "The Rebirth of the Hidden Curriculum: Phlogiston as Priestley Might Explain it to Lavoisier," Curriculum Inquiry, 18(Winter, 1988), 465-470. *, David Gordon

Annotation: Responds to Lakomski's analysis of the hidden curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making,Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum

Haggerson, Nelson L., "The School of the Future: Considering the Spiritual Aspects of the School as Culture," Review Journal of Philosophy and Social Science, 14(No. 1 & 2, 1989), 268-288., Nelson L. Haggerson

Annotation: Gives personal perspective and experiences on the place of spiritual aspects of schooling.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Religious Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum, Values in the Classroom, Ethical Issues in Curriculum

Hlebowitsh, Peter S., "The Forgotten Hidden Curriculum," Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, 9(Summer, 1994), 339-349.*, Peter S. Hlebowitsh

Annotation: Explores the concept of hidden curriculum as understood by Dewey, Tyler, and Bode, and criticizes recent radical critics' understandings of the hidden curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Theorists
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum

Klein, Susan S., and Patricia E. Ortman, "Continuing the Journey Toward Gender Equity," Edcuational Researcher, 23(November, 1994), 13-21., Susan S. Klein and Patricia E. Ortman

Annotation: Addresses gender equity issues in both formal and informal curriculum, among other areas.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum, Content Selection and Organization, Materials Development and Evaluation

Lakomski, Gabriele, "Witches, Weather Gods, and Philogiston: The Demise of the Hidden Curriculum," Curriculum Inquiry, 18(Winter, 1988), 451-463., Gabriele Lakomski

Annotation: Argues that there is no such thing as a hidden curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making,Curriculum Development, Organization, Design,Inquiry Language in Curriculum Research
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum

LeCompte, Margaret, "Learning to Work: The Hidden Curriculum of the Classroom," Anthropology and Educational Quarterly, 9(February, 1978), 22-37.*, Margaret LeCompte

Annotation: Reports a study of the hidden curriculum in a New Mexico classroom related to teacher autonomy.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry, Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum, Classroom Observation & Research, Conceptions of Teaching, Freedom/Authority and Curriculum

MacDonald, Frances, "The Hidden Curriculum: Its Impact on Learning," Bulletin: Canadian Society for the Study of Education, 3(January, 1975), 9-12., Frances MacDonald

Annotation: Discusses the impact of the hidden curriculum on learning.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum, Student Assessment

Martin, Jane Roland, Changing the Educational Landscape: Philosophy, Women, and Curriculum. New York: Routledge, 1994., Jane Roland Martin

Annotation: Reprints 13 essays by the author on philosophical aspects of curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Hidden Curriculum, Curriculum and the Disciplines, Philosophical Schools

Martin, Jane Roland, "What Should We Do with a Hidden Curriculum When We Find One?" Curriculum Inquiry, 6(No. 2, 1976), 135-151.*, Jane Roland Martin

Annotation: Examines the implications of theorists' definitions of the hidden curriculum, further analyzes the term, and raises questions about its educational implications.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

McEneaney, E. H., and J. W. Meyer, "The Content of the Curriculum: An Institutionalist Perspective," pp. 189-211 in Maureen T. Hallinan, ed., Handbook of the Sociology of Education. New York: Kluwer, 2000., E. H. McEneaney and J. W. Meyer

Annotation: Deals with tracking, hidden curriculum, choice, universal participation, culture, globalization, change, reform and resistance, differentiation, and related theories.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Ideology and School Knowledge, Hidden Curriculum, Curriculum Differentiation

Miller, Janet L., "Constructions of Curriculum and Gender," pp. 43-63 in Sari Knopp Biklen and Dianne Pollard, eds., Gender and Education, 92nd Yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education, Part I. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1993., Janet L. Miller

Annotation: Provides an autobiographical female perspective on curriculum content and gender concerns.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Narrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Hidden Curriculum

Nord, Warren A., Does God Make a Difference? Taking Religion Seriously in Our Schools and Universities. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010., Warren A. Nord

Annotation: Provides a book-length argument in support of teaching religious studies as a separate set of courses in schools and universities and of infusing religious perspectives into all other subjects where relevant.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis, Religious Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Liberal Education/General Education, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Criticism of Schooling, Ethical Issues in Curriculum, Citizenship Education, Hidden Curriculum, Religious & Private Schooling

Overly, Norman U., ed., The Unstudied Curriculum: Its Impact on Children, Washington, DC: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 1970., Norman U. Overly

Annotation: Explores the hidden curriculum in its many dimensions; papers are by Jackson, Friedenberg, Biber & Minuchin, Rosenthal, Dreeben, and Kohlberg.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Deliberative Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum

Phillips, D. C., "The Hidden Curriculum and the Latest Functions of Schooling: Two Overlapping Perspectives," "1. Why the Hidden Curriculum is Hidden," pp. 274-280 in C. J. B. Macmillan, ed., Philosophy of Education 1980. Proceedings of 36th Annual Meeting of the Philosophy of Education Society. Normal, IL: Philosophy of Education Society, ISU, 1981., D. C. Phillips

Annotation: Analyzes the hidden curriculum in terms of the latent functions of schooling and rejects these arguments.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis,Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum, Curriculum Aims and Objectives

Portelli, John P., "Exploring the Hidden Curriculum," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 25(July-August, l993), 343-358., John P. Portelli

Annotation: Analyzes four meanings of hidden curriculum and their moral implications.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis, Moral Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum

Purpel, David E., and Kevin Ryan, "It Comes with the Territory: The Inevitability of Moral Education in the Schools," pp. 357-365 in James R. Gress, ed., Curriculum: An Introduction to the Field. Berkeley, CA: McCutchan, 1988., David E. Purpel and Kevin Ryan

Annotation: Argues for making moral education visible in the curriculum, in the hidden curriculum, and in the school culture.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Normative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum, Character Education, Values in the Classroom, Content Selection and Organization

Ryan, Kevin, "The New Moral Education," Phi Delta Kappan, 68(November, 1986), 228-233.*, Kevin Ryan

Annotation: Shows how moral education has changed from the 1940s to the present.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Values in the Classroom, Curriculum as Environment, Hidden Curriculum

Sandlin, Jennifer A., Jennifer L. Milam, and Corrine M. Wickens, " 'Spend Smart, Live Rich': Popular Pedagogy and the Construction of the 'Good Consumer' in the Popular Culture Lifestyle Magazine 'Budget Living'," Journal of Curriculum and Pedagogy, 4(Summer, 2007), 113-135., Jennifer A. Sandlin, Jennifer L. Milam, and Corrine M. Wickens

Annotation: Presents a critical media analysis of what is conveyed to readers of the magazine 'Budget Living'; addresses the not-so-hidden curriculum of consumerism.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Curriculum Guides, Plans, Documents, Materials
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Discourse Analysis, Hidden Curriculum

Schniedewind, Nancy,"A Short History of the Ambush of Public Education," pp. 4-22 in Nancy Schniedewind and Mars Shevin, eds., Educational Courage: Resisting the Ambush of Public Education. Boston: Beacon Press, 2012., Nancy Schniedewind

Annotation: Summarizes the takeover of public education in the United States by business and technical interests.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Curriculum Frameworks, Curriculum Standards and Testing, Democratic Education, Hidden Curriculum, Local Control of Schooling, Values in the Classroom, Teacher Planning

Schoonmaker, Frances, "Only Those Who See Take Off Their Shoes: Seeing the Classroom as a Spiritual Space," Teachers College Record, 111(December, 2009)., 2713-2731., Frances Schoonmaker

Annotation: Argues for recognizing classrooms as spiritual space; offers examples from the author's own experience of teaching that illustrate students experiencing awe, wonder, and other dimensions of spirituality; suggests ways teachers and teacher educators can enhance their ability to see and facilitate the spiritual aspects of classroom learning.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Visions and Philosophies, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Religious Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Curriculum as Experience, Conceptions of Teaching, Self-Knowledge, Values in the Classroom, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Hidden Curriculum, Teaching/Learning Process

Seddon, Terri, "The Hidden Curriculum: An Overview," Curriculum Perspectives, 3(May, 1983), 1-6., Terri Seddon

Annotation: Reviews literature on the hidden curriculum and analyzes it into its various aspects.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis,Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum

Skelton, Alan, "Studying Hidden Curriculum: Developing a Perspective in the LIght of Postmodern Insights," Curriculum Studies, 5(No.2, 1997), 177-193., Alan Skelton

Annotation: Provides an overview of research into the hidden curriculum; discusses ways of moving beyond current research paradigms.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research Domains and Structure
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Vallance, Elizabeth, "Hiding the Hidden Curriculum: An Interpretation of the Language of Justification in Nineteenth Century Educational Reform," Curriculum Theory Network, 4(No. 1, 1973/74), 5-21. Reprinted pp. 590-607 in Arno A. Bellack and Herbert M. Kliebard, eds., Curriculum and Evaluation . Berkeley, CA: McCutchan, 1977.*, Elizabeth Vallance

Annotation: Traces the historical evidence for the hidden curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum

Vallance, Elizabeth, "The Hidden Curriculum and Qualitative Inquiry as States of Mind," Journal of Education (Boston University), 162(Winter, 1980), 138-151.*, Elizabeth Vallance

Annotation: Shows how quanlitative inquiry can be used to study the hidden curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Defining Curriculum Research Questions, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum, Curriculum as Experience

Waks, Leonard J., "Brown v Board, Common Citizenship,and the Limits of Curriculum," Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, 20(Winter, 2005), 94-128., Leonard J. Waks

Annotation: Shows how equal or common citizenship has not been achieved through court decisions since Brown, how factors inside and outside schools have changed the context for equal citizenship, and poses a possible solution: the networked common school in a virtual megasetting.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Citizenship Education, Media and Computers in Curriculum Development, Hidden Curriculum, Criticism of Schooling, Curriculum Aims and Objectives

Walker, Stephen and Len Barton, Gender, Class, and Education . London: Falmer Press, 1983., Stephen Walker and Len Barton

Annotation: Relates the gender and class issues in the hidden curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Ideology and School Knowledge, Hidden Curriculum

Watt, John, "Schooling and Comprehensive Understanding," pp. 151-165, and "Mores, Myths, and Moralities," pp. 166-184 in his Ideology, Objectivity, and Education. New York: Teachers College Press, 1994., John Watt

Annotation: Proposes curriculum based on the concept of comprehensive understanding (not on ideology or constructivism) and the concept of evaluative pluralism.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Visions and Philosophies
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Curriculum and the Disciplines, Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Hidden Curriculum

Whitson, James A., "The Politics of 'Non-Political' Curriculum: Heteroglossia and the Discourse of 'Choice' and 'Effectiveness'," pp. 279-330 in William F. Pinar, ed., Contemporary Curriculum Discourses. Scottsdale, AZ: Gorsuch Scarisbrick, 1988.*, James A. Whitson

Annotation: Examines censorship, choice, and school effectiveness from analytic, critical, and legal perspectives.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Inquiry Language in Curriculum Research, Curriculum Evaluation
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Local Control of Schooling, Freedom/Authority and Curriculum, Discourse Analysis, Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Content Selection and Organization, Hidden Curriculum

Woods, Peter, and Martyn Hammersley, "School Experience: Explorations in the Sociology of Education," pp. 9-27 in Peter Woods and Martyn Hammersley, eds., School Experience . New York: St. Martin's Press, 1977., Peter Woods and Martyn Hammersley

Annotation: Gives a brief explanation of the work done in the sociology of education and summarizes critical sociological studies in the authors' book.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Hidden Curriculum, Ideology and School Knowledge