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Anfara, Vincent A., Jr., and Leonard Waks, "Resolving the Tension Between Academic Rigor and Developmental Appropriateness: Part I," Middle School Journal, 32(November, 2000), 46-51.*, Vincent A. Anfara Jr. and Leonard Waks

Annotation: Demonstates that there need not be a dualism between developmentally appropriate curriculum and subject-centered academic knowledge; Part II [MSJ, 32(January,2001), 25-30] describes the difference between adult patterns of academic knowledge and youth's knowledge-in-use; implications are drawn for middle school education.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and the Disciplines, Middle School Curriculum, Knowledge Utilization, Practical Knowledge, Psychology and Curriculum, Curriculum Integration, Content Selection and Organization

Au, Wayne, "Fighting with the Text: Conceptualizing and Reconceptualizing Freire's Critical Pedagogy," pp. 221-231 in Michael W. Apple, Wayne Au, and Luis Armando Gandin, eds., The Routledge International Handbook of Critical Education. New York: Routledge, 2009., Wayne Au

Annotation: Provides a succinct but penetrating overview of Paulo Freire's ideas on critical pedagogy.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry, Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Practical Knowledge, Teaching/Learning Process

Ayers,William, Therese Quinn, David O. Stovall, and Libby Scheiern, "Teachers' Experience of Curriculum, Policy, Pedagogy, and Situation," pp. 306-326 in F. Michael Connelly, Ming Fang He, and JoAnn Phillion, eds., The SAGE Handbook of Curriculum and Instruction. Los Angeles: Sage Publications, 2008., William Ayers, Therese Quinn, David O. Stovall, and Libby Scheiern

Annotation: Cites research on the topic classified by various research approaches; major categories include policy and curriculum, curriculum and pedagogy, and situations of resistance and justice.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Teacher Knowledge, Practical Knowledge, Curriculum and Politics, Teaching/Learning Process, Values in the Classroom

Ball, Deborah Loewenberg, and Fancesca M. Foryani, "What Makes Education Research 'Educational'?" Educational Researcher, 36(December, 2007), 529-540., Deborah Loewenberg Ball and Fancesca M. Foryani

Annotation: Posits a formulation of multiple interactions named "the instructional dynamic" and argues that research in colleges of education should relate in some manner to these kinds of interactions at the heart of educational practice and policy; gives examples.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General, Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Practical Knowledge

Barab, Sasha A., and Wolff-Michael Roth, "Curriculum-Based Ecosystems: Supporting Knowing from an Ecological Perspective," Educational Researcher, 35(June/July, 2006), 3-13., Sasha A. Barab and Wolff-Michael Roth

Annotation: Offers an ecological focal point for curriculum design using affordance networks, effectivity sets, and life-worlds.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Knowledge Generation, Curriculum Frameworks, Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Curriculum as Experience, Curriculum as Environment, Teaching/Learning Process, Practical Knowledge

Ben-Peretz, Miriam , and Pinchas Tamir, "What Do Curricular Developers Do?" Curriculum Perspectives, 6(October, 1986), 8-15., Miriam Ben-Peretz and Pinchas Tamir

Annotation: Reports a study of what Israeli curriculum developers in different subject areas do; describes their personal practical knowledge.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry, Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies, Comparative Curriculum, Practical Knowledge

Berscheid, Ellen, "Interpersonal Modes of Knowing," pp. 60-76 in Elliot W. Eisner, ed., Learning and Teaching the Ways of Knowing, Eighty-fourth Yearbook of the NSSE, Part II. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985., Ellen Berscheid

Annotation: Describes social and interpersonal knowledge and ways these may be developed in classrooms.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Practical Knowledge

Boyd, Robert D., "Solving Problems of Practice in Education," Knowledge: Creation, Diffusion, Utilization, 6(September, 1984), 59-74., Robert D. Boyd

Annotation: Explains how choices of courses of action can be made in education based on informed problem-solving.

Broad Topical Focus: Critique and Utilization of Curriculum Research and Inquiry
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Utilization, Practical Knowledge

Bryk, Anthony S., "Accelerating How We Learn to Improve," Educational Researcher, 44(No.9,2015), 467-477., Anthony S. Bryk

Annotation: Shows how joining together the discipline of improvement science and the power of structured network communities can accelerate learning to improve education; describes a way of doing practice-based research that discovers how to actually make things better.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Development as Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Practical Knowledge, Comparisons Among Inquiry Modes

Buchmann, Margret, "The Use of Research Knowledge in Teacher Education and Teaching," American Journal of Education, 92(August, 1984), 421-439., Margret Buchmann

Annotation: Analyzes knowledge utilization in the curriculum of schools and of teacher education.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis,Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism,Normative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Utilization, Teaching/Learning Process, Teacher Education, Practical Knowledge, Content Selection and Organization

Byrk, Anthony S., Louis M. Gomez, Alicia Grunow, and Paul G. Le Mahieu, Learning to Improve: How America's Schools Can Get Better at Getting Better. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Education Press, 2015., Anthony S. Byrk, Louis M. Gomez, Alicia Grunow, and Paul G. Le Mahieu

Annotation: Provides a structure and process for improving educational practice based on the Carnegie Foundation's own field work in schools utilizing six improvement principles (a chapter is devoted to each); networked improvement communities and a systems perspectives are key features.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Development as Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies, Practical Knowledge, Organization Theory, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Carr, David, "Knowledge, Mind and the Curriculum," Educational Philosophy and Theory, 16(March, 1984), 12-22., David Carr

Annotation: Tries to show that learning of practical skills such as gymnastics and pottery cannot be conceived of by aligning them with epistemological categories.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis,Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Practical Knowledge, Knowledge Generation, Curriculum and the Disciplines

Carr, David, "Practical Pursuits and the Curriculum," Journal of Philosophy of Education, 12(1978), 69-80., David Carr

Annotation: Asks whether there are forms of practical knowledge (creative, physical, etc.) that do not fall within forms of formal discourse and inquiry such as those set forth by Hirst, White, etc.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Practical Knowledge, Knowledge Generation, Curriculum and the Disciplines

Carr, Wilfred, For Education: Toward Critical Educational Inquiry. Philadelphia: Open University Press, 1995., Wilfred Carr

Annotation: Reprints eight previously published articles by the author; includes new material by Carr in introduction and epilogue and by Stephen Kemmis in prologue; demonstrates use of philosphical inquiry on theory/practice issues and educational inquiry generally.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Inquiry Language in Curriculum Research, Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis, Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Critical Inquiry, Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Practical Knowledge

Cherryholmes, Cleo H., "Theory and Practice: On the Role of Empirically Based Theory for Critical Practice," American Journal of Education, 94(November, 1985), 39-70.*, Cleo H. Cherryholmes

Annotation: Addresses the uses of theory and of practice in the literature of educational research, especially in relation to critical inquiry.

Broad Topical Focus: Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice,Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Ideology and School Knowledge, Practical Knowledge, Curriculum and Politics

Clandinin, D. Jean, "Developing Rythm in Teaching: The Narrative Study of a Beginning Teacher's Personal Practical Knowledge of Classrooms," Curriculum Inquiry, 19(Summer, l989), 121-141.*, D. Jean Clandinin

Annotation: Explores the development of one first-year teacher's personal practical knowledge of teaching.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Narrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Practical Knowledge, Teacher Knowledge

Clandinin, D. Jean, "Personal Practical Knowledge: A Study of Teachers' Classroom Images," Curriculum Inquiry, 15(Winter, 1985), 361-385., D. Jean Clandinin

Annotation: Reports a study of teachers' personal practical knowledge in the classroom and the images used to characterize the classroom.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry, Phenomenological Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Teacher Knowledge, Practical Knowledge, Teaching/Learning Process

Cochran-Smith, Marilyn, and Susan L. Lytle, "Relationships of Knowledge and Practice: Teacher Learning in Communities," pp. 249-305 in Asghar Iran-Nejad and P. David Pearson, eds., Review of Research in Education 24, 1999. Washington, DC: American Education Research Association, 1999., Marilyn Cochran-Smith and Susan L. Lytle

Annotation: Anayzes and explicates the distinctions among three conceptions of teacher learning (three knowledge-practice relationships): knowledge-for-practice, knowledge-in-practice, and knowledge-of-practice; discusses these in context of recent understandings of teacher research.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Teacher Knowledge, Practical Knowledge, Knowledge Utilization, Teacher Research

Codd, John A., "Toward a Critical Appreciation of School Culture and Curriculum," Curriculum Perspectives, 2(October, 1982), 15-21., John A. Codd

Annotation: Explores the aesthetic dimensions of educational experience, curriculum and school culture, and personal knowledge and practical judgment.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Aesthetic Inquiry and Curriculum Criticism, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Curriculum and Politics, Practical Knowledge

Confrey, Jere, "The Lure of the Practical," Review Journal of Philosophy and Social Science, 7 (No. 1 & 2, 1982), 109-138.*, Jere Confrey

Annotation: Argues for merging theory and practice and draws implications that contrast with those derived from a separation of theory and practice.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Research Domains and Structure, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Theorists, Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Practical Knowledge, Teacher Education, Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses, Philosophical Schools

Connelly, F. Michael, "Curriculum Decision Making By Teachers," Bulletin: Canadian Society for the Study of Education, 3(January, 1975), 1-5., F. Michael Connelly

Annotation: Discusses the role of teachers in curriculum decision-making.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry, Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Teacher Knowledge, Practical Knowledge

Connelly, F. Michael, and D. Jean Clandinin, "Narrative Understandings of Teacher Knowledge," Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, 15(Summer, 2000), 315-331., F. Michael Connelly and D. Jean Clandinin

Annotation: Presents a study of two different teacher's knowledge, understood narratively; shows differences in context and space (temporal, personal/existential, and place) and in professional knowledge landscape and personal practical knowledge of teachers.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Narrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Teacher Knowledge, Practical Knowledge

Connelly, F. Michael, and D. Jean Clandinin, "Personal Practical Knowledge and the Modes of Knowing: Relevance for Teaching and Learning," pp. 174-198 in Elliot W. Eisner, ed., Learning and Teaching the Ways of Knowing, 84th Yearbook of the NSSE, Part II. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1985., F. Michael Connelly and D. Jean Clandinin

Annotation: Stresses learning the modes of knowing within narrative unities; gives special attention to teachers' experiential modes of knowing and meaning-making.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Practical Knowledge, Teacher Knowledge

Connelly, F. Michael, and Freema Elbaz, "Conceptual Bases for Curriculum Thought: A Teacher's Perspective," pp. 95-119 in Arthur W. Foshay, ed., Considered Action for Curriculum Improvement . Washington, DC: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 1980.*, F. Michael Connelly and Freema Elbaz

Annotation: Reviews curriculum literature over the past 20 years and identifies the intellectual milieu for teacher's curriculum thought.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Critique and Utilization of Curriculum Research and Inquiry
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Teacher Knowledge, Teacher Planning, Curriculum Potential, Practical Knowledge

Cross, Beverly E., "Personal Theorizing through Action Research: Toward an Emerging Epistemology of Practical Curriculum Inquiry." Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco, April, 1995.*, Beverly E. Cross

Annotation: Reports a qualitative study of teachers' personal theorizing on curriculum and related practices.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Practical Knowledge, Teacher Knowledge, Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses

Dewey, John, Sources of a Science of Education. New York: Liveright, 1929. Reprinted pp. 1-40 in J. A. Boydston, ed., John Dewey: The Later Works, 1929-1953, Vol. 5: 1929-1930. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press, 1984., John Dewey

Annotation: Discusses distincitons between inquiry in the disciplines and in education; shows how the philosophical, psychological, and sociological disciplines can be sources of a science of educaiton; shows how eductional practice calls for judgments based on knowledge and does not use educational science as rules or receipes.

Broad Topical Focus: Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice, Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General, Defining Curriculum Research Questions, Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Comparisons Among Inquiry Modes, Education as a Field of Study, Knowledge Utilization, Knowledge Generation, Classics of Curriculum Literature, Practical Knowledge, Curriculum Deliberation

Diorio, Joseph A., "Knowledge, Autonomy, and the Practice of Teaching," Curriculum Inquiry, 12(Fall, 1982), 257-281.*, Joseph A. Diorio

Annotation: Examines the relationship between the practice of teaching and knowledge, accountability, and autonomy.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Authority of Teacher, Freedom/Authority and Curriculum, Teacher Education, Practical Knowledge

Elbaz, Freema, "The Teacher's 'Practical Knowledge': Report of a Case Study," Curriculum Inquiry, 11(Spring, 1981), 43-71., Freema Elbaz

Annotation: Analyzes the conceptualization of practical knowledge and reports a study that accounts for one teacher's practical knowledge.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Case Study
Narrow Topic: Teacher Knowledge, Practical Knowledge, Teacher Planning

Fenstermacher, Gary D., "The Knower and the Known: The Nature of Knowledge in Research on Teaching," pp.3-56 in Linda Darling-Hammond, ed., Review of Research in Education, 20: 1994. Washington, DC: American Educational Research Association,1994., Gary D. Fenstermacher

Annotation: Reviews the epistemic status of both formal and practical knowledge related to research on teaching.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Practical Knowledge, Conceptions of Teaching, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Fisher, Charles W., and David C. Berliner, "Clinical Inquiry in Research on Classroom Teaching and Learning," Journal of Teacher Education, 30 (November-December, 1979), 42-48., Charles W. Fisher and David C. Berliner

Annotation: Describes inquiry done in clinical settings to identify knowledge about teaching.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Defining Curriculum Research Questions, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry, Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Teacher Education, Teacher Knowledge, Practical Knowledge

Gideonse, Hendrik D., "Blackwell's Commentaries, Engineering's Handbooks, and Merck's Manuals: What Would a Teacher's Equivalent Be?" Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 8(Fall, 1986), 316-323., Hendrik D. Gideonse

Annotation: Discusses the need for and use of practitioner-oriented handbooks in each curriculum subject area, their contents, and issues.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Guides, Plans, Documents, Materials, Critique and Utilization of Curriculum Research and Inquiry
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Linkage, Practical Knowledge

Groundwater-Smith, Susan, "Practitioner Research and Practical Knowledge: Their Relationship to Curriculum Enquiry," Curriculum Perspectives, 11(October, 1991), 51-55., Susan Groundwater-Smith

Annotation: Discusses issues involved in teacher inquiry and action research.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Teacher Research, Practical Knowledge

Hargreaves, Andy, "Transforming Knowledge: Blurring the Boundaries Between Research, Policy, and Practice," Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 18(Summer, 1996), 105-122.*, Andy Hargreaves

Annotation: Analyzes the differences between formal research knowledge and practical teacher knowledge and illustrates the virtues of (and gives examples of) blurring this distinction.

Broad Topical Focus: Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Knowledge Utilization, Practical Knowledge, Teacher Knowledge

Harris, Ilene B., "Reflections on Communication for Curriculum Improvement: An Essay Review of the 1980 Yearbook of the ASCD," Curriculum Inquiry, 14(Summer, 1984), 217-233., Ilene B. Harris

Annotation: Critiques this yearbook in light of Schwab's notion of deliberation; examines the problem of effective communication in guiding teachers with practical theories.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Guides, Plans, Documents, Materials,Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines,Curriculum Enactment and Teaching,Curriculum Theorists
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism,Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation, Practical Knowledge, Curriculum Implementation, Materials Development and Evaluation

Johnson, Mark, "Embodied Knowledge," Curriculum Inquiry, 19(Winter, 1989), 361-377. *, Mark Johnson

Annotation: Shows relation between general practical knowledge concepts of Elbaz and Clandinin and embodied knowledge.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Normative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Practical Knowledge

Kemmis, Stephen, "Phronesis, Experience, and the Primacy of Practice," pp. 147-161 in Elizabeth Anne Kinsella and Allan Pitman, eds., Phronesis as Professional Knowledge: Practical Wisdom in the Professions. Rotterdam: Sense Publishers, 2012., Stephen Kemmis

Annotation: Contrasts practical reasoning and practical wisdom attained through the experience of doing educational practice with propositional, theoretical, and scientific knowledge about educational practice; phronesis involves understanding and critiquing one's own practice as a professional practitioner through learning from and reporting on his own and other's praxis; provided through philosophical analysis on the concepts involved; the author elucidates phronesis as a disposition and as a moral action learned indirectly through praxis; gives implications for professional education of educators.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Teacher Education, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Programs of Study in Curriculum and Instruction, Practical Knowledge, In-service Teacher Development, Ethical Issues in Curriculum, Curriculum Deliberation, Curriculum as Experience

Kennedy, Mary M., "Working Knowledge," Knowledge: Creation, Diffusion, Utilization, 5(December, 1983), 193-211., Mary M. Kennedy

Annotation: Describes in a general context the use of knowledge in practice and related issues.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Knowledge Utilization, Practical Knowledge

Lawler, Edward E. III, et al, Doing Research That is Useful for Theory and Practice. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1985., Edward E. Lawler III

Annotation: Describes practice-oriented inquiry focused largely on organizational research in social science.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Practical Knowledge, Organization Theory

Martin, Jane Roland, "Curriculum and the Mirror of Knowledge," pp. 212-227 in her Changing the Educational Landscape: Philosophy, Women, and Curriculum. New York: Routledge, 1994., Jane Roland Martin

Annotation: Takes issue with the view that curriculum needs to mirror knowledge.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Curriculum and the Disciplines, Practical Knowledge

Martin, Jane Roland, "Two Dogmas of Curriculum," Synthese, 51(April, 1982), 5-20. Reprinted pp. 187-199 in her Changing the Educational Landscape: Philosophy, Women, and Curriculum. New York: Routledge, 1994., Jane Roland Martin

Annotation: Describes and critiques the Dogma of God-Given Subjects and the Dogma of Immutable Basics.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Curriculum and the Disciplines, Practical Knowledge

McCutcheon, Gail, "Curriculum Theory and Practice: Considerations for the 1990's and Beyond," NASSP Bulletin, 72(September, 1988), 33-42.*, Gail McCutcheon

Annotation: Describes the relation between theory and practice and how educators develop theories of action out of their experience.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry, Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Teacher Research, Practical Knowledge

McCutcheon, Gail, and Burga Jung, "Alternative Perspectives on Action Research," Theory Into Practice, 29 (Summer, 1990), 144-151.*, Gail McCutcheon and Burga Jung

Annotation: Reviews positivist, interpretivist, and critical perspectives in action research; discusses problem formation, observations, etc., in relation to these perspectives.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Practical Knowledge, Comparisons Among Inquiry Modes

McTaggart, Robin, "The Role of the Scholar in Action Research," pp. 1-16 in Michael P. Wolfe and Caroline R. Pryor, eds., The Mission of the Scholar: Research and Practice: A Tribute to Nelson Haggerson. New York: Peter Lang, 2002., Robin McTaggart

Annotation: Gives the author's own story of doing action research together with his views on aspects of action research and the role of the researcher in change.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Professors, Practical Knowledge

Miller, Janet L., Creating Spaces and Finding Voices: Teachers Collaborating for Empowerment . Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1990., Janet L. Miller

Annotation: Reports the use of journaling to voice teachers' practical knowledge.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Guides, Plans, Documents, Materials
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Phenomenological Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Practical Knowledge

Munby, Hugh, "Metaphor in the Thinking of Teachers: An Exploratory Study," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 18(April-June, 1986), 197-209., Hugh Munby

Annotation: Reports a study of teachers' using lessons as "moving objects."

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching,Inquiry Language in Curriculum Research
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis,Content Analysis
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Practical Knowledge

Noddings, Nel, "Introduction," pp. xiii-xxvi in Nel Noddings, The Challenge to Care in Schools: An Alternative Approach to Education, 2nd ed. New York: Teachers College Press, 2005., Nel Noddings

Annotation: Argues for responsiveness to children and their situations by creating alternatives in schooling and curricula based on caring (instead of the present "tyanny of opposing purposes"); suggests creating both progressive and traditional schools within public education.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Visions and Philosophies, Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Alternatives in Education, Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Democratic Education, Practical Knowledge, Religious & Private Schooling, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Okshersky, Walter C., "Epistemological and Hermeneutic Conceptions of the Nature of Understanding: The Cases of Paul H. Hirst and Martin Heidegger," Educational Theory, 42(Winter, 1992), 5-23.*, Walter C. Okshersky

Annotation: Critiques Hirst's forms of knowledge in light of Heidegger's conception of "understanding."

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Hermeneutic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum as Experience, Knowledge Generation, Curriculum and the Disciplines, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Practical Knowledge

Olson, John, "Classroom Knowledge and Curriculum Change: An Introduction," pp. 3-33 in John Olson, ed., Innovation in the Science Curriculum. New York: Nichols Publishing Co., 1982.*, John Olson

Annotation: Explains mechanistic and humanistic views of teaching and research on curriculum change.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry, Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Teacher Planning, Science, Practical Knowledge, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Olson, John, ed., Innovation in the Science Curriculum . London and Canberra: Croom Helm, Ltd.; New York: Nichols Publishing Co, 1982., John Olson

Annotation: Consists of five papers on various aspects of curriculum change in science.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Teacher Planning, Science, Practical Knowledge

Olson, John K., "Three Approaches to Curriculum Change: Balancing the Accounts," Journal of Curriculum Theorizing, 4(Summer, 1982), 90-95., John K. Olson

Annotation: Draws on McKeon's approaches to the practical (dialectic, logistic, and problematic) to analyze the curriculum change process.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change,Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis,Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Practical Knowledge

Popp, Jerome A., "On the Autonomy of Educational Inquiry," Educational Studies, 5 (Winter, 1974-75), 197-204., Jerome A. Popp

Annotation: Advocates looking at practical educational problems using disciplinary theories to help choose variables to examine rather than to use them to generate knowledge as done traditionally in the disciplines.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General, Defining Curriculum Research Questions
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Practical Knowledge

Popp, Jerome A., "Paradigms in Educational Inquiry," Educational Theory, 25 (Winter, 1975), 28-39., Jerome A. Popp

Annotation: Discusses solutions to practical problems and the place of philosophical inquiry in this; urges choice among paradigms of educational inquiry.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General,Curriculum Research Domains and Structure,Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism,Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Knowledge Generation, Practical Knowledge

Popp, Jerome A., "Practice and Malpractice in Philosophy of Education," Educational Studies, 9(Fall, 1978), 275-294., Jerome A. Popp

Annotation: Asks what is the point of philosophizing; distinguishes between inquiry aimed at practical and at theoretical understanding; explores the scientific and value aspects of philosophical inquiry in education.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis,Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism,Normative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Practical Knowledge, Knowledge Generation

Richardson, Virginia, "The Doctorate in Education," pp. 251-267 in Chris M. Golde and George E. Walker, eds., Envisioning the Future of Doctoral Education: Preparing Stewards of the Discipline [Carnegie Essays on the Doctorate]. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2006., Virginia Richardson

Annotation: Provides an overview of the Ph.D. degree in Education (both a field of study and an enterprise); discusses issues in these programs within three categories (formal knowledge, practical knowledge, and beliefs); contains a table outlining knowledge and habits of mind that are associated with seven outcomes of research preparation.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General, Curriculum as a Field of Practice and Study
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Programs of Study in Curriculum and Instruction, Education as a Field of Study, Practical Knowledge, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Riley, Karen L., "The Summer Teaching Institute of 1915 and the Influence of Booker T. Washington on Negro Teacher Education in Alabama," Education and Culture, 18 (Spring, 2002), 2-13., Karen L. Riley

Annotation: Gives the history and context of the 1915 Alabama intitutes for Black teachers and Jeanes Supervisors sponsored by the Jeanes Fund; traces the participation and influence of Booker T. Washington and his educational philosphy.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Theorists
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Practical Knowledge, Teacher Education

Santos, Bonaventura de Sousa, "Ecologies of Knowledge," pp. 185-211 in Bonaventura de Sousa Santos, Epistemologies of the South: Justice Against Epistemicide. New York: Rutledge, 2014., Bonaventura de Sousa Santos

Annotation: Make the case that epistemologies other than those generated by European and North American philosophers (e. g., those from the Global South) should be included in an "ecology of knowledge"; refers chiefly to non-scientific knowledges such as those based on the experience of persons and on various practice (especially of local knowledge and by subaltern groups); extensive explication of the concept is presented; offers thirteen observations as a basis for bringing about such an ecology of knowledge; the book containing this chapter discusses the concept of cognitive justice and its implications world-wide.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Critical Inquiry, Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Curriculum and the Disciplines, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Practical Knowledge, Knowledge Utilization, Ideology and School Knowledge, Content Selection and Organization

Schank, Roger, Teaching Minds: How Cognitive Science Can Save Our Schools. New York: Teachers College Press, 2011., Roger Schank

Annotation: Proposes a cognitive process-based education built around 12 processes: four conceptual processes (prediction, judgment, experimentation, evaluation), four analytic processes (argument, planning, causation, judgment), and four social processes (influence, teamwork, negotiation, describing); argues against a subject-centered (knowledge) curriculum; sees online schooling as the future of education.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Curriculum as Experience, Media and Computers in Curriculum Development, Practical Knowledge, Criticism of Schooling

Schubert, William H., "Recalibrating Educational Research: Toward a Focus on Practice," Educational Researcher, 9(January, 1980), 17-31.*, William H. Schubert

Annotation: Describes practical inquiry and its various forms.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice, Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General, Curriculum Research Domains and Structure, Defining Curriculum Research Questions
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry, Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Practical Knowledge

Schulz, Renate, Interpreting Teacher Practice: Two Continuing Stories. New York: Teachers College Press, 1997., Renate Schulz

Annotation: Provides narratives of two teachers' teaching along with reflections on the problem of narrative inquiry and of collaborative research.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Narrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Practical Knowledge

Schwandt, Thomas A., "A Diagnostic Reading of Scientifically Based Research for Education," Educational Theory, 55(No. 3, 2005), 285-305., Thomas A. Schwandt

Annotation: Notes the reascendance of the market model of educational research and shows why adherence to this ideology is devaluing other forms of research that should affect practice; three related articles appear in this issue of Educational Theory.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Critique and Utilization of Curriculum Research and Inquiry, Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Comparisons Among Inquiry Modes, Education as a Field of Study, Government Role in Educational Research & Development, Knowledge Utilization, Practical Knowledge, Qualitative Research, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Schwandt, Thomas A., Evaluation Practice Reconsidered. New York: Peter Lang, 2002., Thomas A. Schwandt

Annotation: Sets forth a view of evaluation as moral/political/interactive practice (not a technical skill) requiring judgment, wisdom, and practical application of understanding, of evaluation as praxis.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Evaluation, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Evaluative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Practical Knowledge, Ethical Issues in Curriculum, Program Audit/Evaluation, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Shalem, Yael, "What Binds Professional Judgment? The Case of Teaching," pp. 93-105 in Michael Young and Johan Muller, eds., Knowledge, Expertise, and the Professions. New York Rutledge, 2014., Yael Shalem

Annotation: Treats the topic of how judgment in teaching depends on theoretical knowledge as well as on experiential knowledge.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Teacher Education, Conceptions of Teaching, Knowledge Utilization, Practical Knowledge, Teacher Knowledge

Shulman, Lee S., "Knowledge and Teaching: Foundations of the New Reform," Harvard Educational Review, 57( February , 1987), 1-22., Lee S. Shulman

Annotation: Sets forth seven categories of the knowledge base for teaching: content knowledge, general pedagogical knowledge, knowledge of curriculum and curriculum materials, pedoagogical content knowledge, knowledge of learners, knowledge of contexts, and knowledge of ends/purposes/values.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Conceptions of Teaching, Teacher Education, Curriculum Implementation, Professionalization in Curriculum, Practical Knowledge, Knowledge Utilization, Teacher Knowledge

Smulyan, Lisa, "Collaborative Action Research: A Critical Analysis," Peabody Journal of Education, 64(Spring, 1987), 57-70., Lisa Smulyan

Annotation: Discusses the processes involved in collaborative action research and shows what problems may occur in contributing to theory, practice, and staff development.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Critique and Utilization of Curriculum Research and Inquiry
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Practical Knowledge

Smyth, John, "Critical Engagement for Collaborative Action Research," p. 58-76 in Stephen P. Gordon, ed., Collaborative Action Research: Developing Professional Learning Communities. New York: Teachers College Press, 2008., John Smyth

Annotation: Makes the case for taking a critical perspective in doing collaborative action research; examines five propositions necessitated by this perspective; argues vigorously for freedom from governmental restraint on using research approaches such as action research and other so-called "non-scientific" approaches.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice, Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Government Role in Educational Research & Development, Teacher Research, Practical Knowledge

Snow, Catherine E., "Rigor and Realism: Doing Educational Science in the Real World," Educational Researcher, 44(No.9,2015), 460-466., Catherine E. Snow

Annotation: Argues for the doing of "practice-embedded educational research"; gives examples of this approach and discusses adjustments and research agendas needed.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Development as Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Comparisons Among Inquiry Modes, Knowledge Generation, Practical Knowledge

Sternberg, Robert J., and David R. Caruso, "Practical Modes of Knowing," pp. 133 -158 in Elliot W. Eisner,ed., Learning and Teaching the Ways of Knowing, Eighty-fourth Yearbook of the NSSE, Part II. Chicago: University of Chicago, 1985., Robert J. Sternberg and David R. Caruso

Annotation: Defines practical knowledge and discusses the transmission and acquisition of practical knowledge.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry, Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Practical Knowledge

Tanner, Daniel, "The Social Consequences of Bad Research," Phi Delta Kappan, 79(January, 1998), 344-349.*, Daniel Tanner

Annotation: Critiques selected research studies in education and discusses the consequences of doing research badly.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Critique and Utilization of Curriculum Research and Inquiry, Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Practical Knowledge, Knowledge Utilization

Thomas, Gary, "Changing Our Landscape of Inquiry for a New Science of Education," Harvard Education Review, 82(Spring, 2012), 226-51., Gary Thomas

Annotation: Argues that education research misunderstands the nature of scientific method; gives a revised view and urges the cultivation of a new education science that is a part of education practice.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry, Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Comparisons Among Inquiry Modes, Education as a Field of Study, Government Role in Educational Research & Development, Practical Knowledge

Vallance, Elizabeth, "Curriculum as a Field of Practice," pp. 154-164 in Fenwick W. English, ed., Fundamental Curriculum Decisions , 1983 ASCD Yearbook. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 1983., Elizabeth Vallance

Annotation: Identifies major questions and common threads related to curriculum development; describes curriculum as a field of practice and draws implications for training curriculum practitioners.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum as a Field of Practice and Study, Curriculum Research Domains and Structure
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Practical Knowledge, Programs of Study in Curriculum and Instruction, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Curriculum Specialists in Schools

Vallance, Elizabeth, "Ways of Knowing and Curriculum Conceptions: Implications for Program Planning," pp. 199-217 in Elliot W. Eisner, ed., Learning and Teaching the Ways of Knowing, 84th Yearbook of the NSSE, Part II. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1985., Elizabeth Vallance

Annotation: Describes four existing systems of curriculum thought and poses a fifith--the ways of knowing--within which curriculum decisions can be oriented.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Research Domains and Structure
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Curriculum Deliberation, Curriculum and the Disciplines, Practical Knowledge

Van Manen, Max, "Linking Ways of Knowing with Ways of Being Practical," Curriculum Inquiry, 6(No. 3, 1977), 205-228.*, Manen Max Van

Annotation: Discusses the practical as effective control, as communicative understanding, and as critical reflection; lays out forms of knowledge related to each conception.

Broad Topical Focus: Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Practical Knowledge, Comparisons Among Inquiry Modes

William, Dylan, "What Should Education Research Do, and How Should It Do It?" Educational Researcher, 37(October, 2008), 432-438., Dylan William

Annotation: Draws on concepts from Aristotle, Churchman, and Nonaks & Takeuchi to analyze research and inquiry in education; supports a practical, clinical model of research.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Practical Knowledge

Willinsky, John, "Getting Personal and Practical with Personal Practical Knowledge," Curriculum Inquiry, 19(Fall, 1989), 247-264., John Willinsky

Annotation: Identifies some limitations of Clandinin and Connelly's research on personal practical knowledge.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Narrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Practical Knowledge, Teacher Knowledge

Winch, Christopher, "Curriculum Design and Epistemic Ascent," Journal of Philosophy of Education, 47(February, 2013), 128-146., Christopher Winch

Annotation: Discusses knowledge by acquaintance, propositional knowledge, and how-to knowledge in relation to both academic knowledge and practical knowledge; shows practical implications for curriculum design.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Comparative Curriculum, Content Selection and Organization, Curriculum and the Disciplines, Practical Knowledge

Wise, Robert I., "The Need for Retrospective Accounts of Curriculum Development," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 11(January-March, 1979), 17-28.*, Robert I. Wise

Annotation: Makes the case for historical case studies and describes how to develop them.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Research Domains and Structure
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Practical Knowledge, Curriculum Deliberation, Curriculum Development Strategies, Knowledge Generation

Yinger, Robert J., "Learning the Language of Practice," Curriculum Inquiry, 17(Fall, 1987), 293-318.*, Robert J. Yinger

Annotation: Describes a study of teachers' learning to teach, analyzes various dimensions of the process in light of related research, and calls for development of a pattern language with which to think and talk about teaching practice.

Broad Topical Focus: Inquiry Language in Curriculum Research
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Practical Knowledge, Teacher Education

Yorks, Lyle, "Adult Learning and the Generation of New Knowledge and Meaning: Creating Liberating Spaces for Fostering Adult Learning through Practitioner-Based Collaborative Action Inquiry," Teachers College Record, 107(June, 2005), 1217-1244., Lyle Yorks

Annotation: Reviews the literature on the dimensions of collaborative action inquiry in the context of adult education and reports an example from a VA project; draws implications for adult learning.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice, Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Integrative Inquiry, Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Teacher Research, Practical Knowledge

Young, Michael, and Johan Muller, "From the Sociology of Knowledge to the Sociology of Professional Knowledge," pp. 3-17 in Michael Young and Johan Muller, eds., Knowledge, Expertise, and the Professions. New York: Rutledge, 2014., Michael Young and Johan Muller

Annotation: Discusses research in sociology of professional knowledge and its relation to professional practice; makes some distinctions between professional knowledge and theory of knowledge; examines knowledge specialized to conceptual generality, and knowledge to a contextual purpose; draws on work of Schon and Bernstein.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Higher Education Curriculum, Knowledge Generation, Practical Knowledge, Teacher Knowledge

Zeichner, Kenneth M., "Action Research: Personal Renewal and Social Reconstructionism," pp. 68-84 in his Teacher Education and the Struggle for Social Justice. New York: Routledge, 2009., Kenneth M. Zeichner

Annotation: Explains the nature of action research generally and highlights its use in teachers's professional development, school change, and knowledge generated by practitioners for teacher education; argues for its place in the struggle for social justice.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Practical Knowledge, Teacher Knowledge, Knowledge Generation, In-service Teacher Development