Connelly, F. Michael, and D. Jean Clandinin, "Personal Practical Knowledge and the Modes of Knowing: Relevance for Teaching and Learning," pp. 174-198 in Elliot W. Eisner, ed., Learning and Teaching the Ways of Knowing, 84th Yearbook of the NSSE, Part II. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1985.


Stresses learning the modes of knowing within narrative unities; gives special attention to teachers' experiential modes of knowing and meaning-making.

Broad Topical Focus

Curriculum Enactment and Teaching

Source Discipline


Mode of Inquiry in the Study

Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry

Type of Study

Single Study

Narrow Topic

Content Selection and Organization, Practical Knowledge, Teacher Knowledge


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