Giroux, Henry A., and Anthony N. Penna, "Social Education in the Classroom: The Dynamics of the Hidden Curriculum," pp. 21-42 in Henry A. Giroux, ed., Teachers as Intellectuals: Toward a Critical Pedagogy of Learning . Granby, MA: Bergin and Garvey, 1988.


Explores the authoritarian effects of the hidden curriculum and how it contrasts with democratic processes; reprinted from Spring, 1979, issue of Theory and Research in Social Education.

Broad Topical Focus

Curriculum Development, Organization, Design

Source Discipline


Mode of Inquiry in the Study

Critical Inquiry

Type of Study

Single Study

Narrow Topic

Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Hidden Curriculum, Social Studies


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