Giroux, Henry A., and Anthony N. Penna, "Social Education in the Classroom: The Dynamics of the Hidden Curriculum," pp. 21-42 in Henry A. Giroux, ed., Teachers as Intellectuals: Toward a Critical Pedagogy of Learning . Granby, MA: Bergin and Garvey, 1988.
Explores the authoritarian effects of the hidden curriculum and how it contrasts with democratic processes; reprinted from Spring, 1979, issue of Theory and Research in Social Education.
Broad Topical Focus
Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Mode of Inquiry in the Study
Type of Study
Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Hidden Curriculum, Social Studies
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