Posner, George J., "Models of Curriculum Planning," pp. 77-97 in Landon E. Beyer and Michael W. Apple, eds., The Curriculum: Problems, Politics, and Possibilities . Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1988. Also pp. 79-100 in their Second Edition, 1998.*


Discusses two perspectives on curriculum planning (technical production and critical) and distinguishes procedural, descriptive, conceptual, and ideological questions related to them.

Broad Topical Focus

Curriculum Development, Organization, Design,Curriculum Decision-making Processes,Curriculum Conceptions and Theories

Source Discipline


Mode of Inquiry in the Study

Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis,Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry

Type of Study

Single Study

Narrow Topic

Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum


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