Cochran-Smith, Marilyn, and Mary Kim Fries, "Sticks, Stones, and Ideology: The Discourse of Reform in Teacher Education," Educational Researcher, 30(November, 2001), 3-15.


Analyzes three warrants (evidentiary, accountability, political) employed in arguments by opposing groups on how to upgraded teachers and teacher education (the agenda of professionalization and the agenda of de-regulation).

Broad Topical Focus

Curriculum Change, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making

Source Discipline


Mode of Inquiry in the Study

Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis, Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism

Type of Study

Single Study

Narrow Topic

Ideology and School Knowledge, Teacher Education, Philosophical Schools


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