Lincoln, Yvonna S., and Egan G. Egon, "Paradigmatic Controversies, Contradictions, and Emerging Confluences," pp. 163-188 in Norman K. Denzin and Yvonna S. Lincoln , eds., The Handbook of Qualitative Research, 2nd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2000.


Presents five paradigms of qualitative research (postivism, postpositivism, critical theory, constructivism, participatory) with basic beliefs in each, and analyzes positions each of them take on thirteen issues (e. g., criteria of quality, control, voice).

Broad Topical Focus

Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines

Source Discipline

Field other than Education

Mode of Inquiry in the Study

Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay

Type of Study

Status Study

Narrow Topic

Knowledge Generation, Qualitative Research, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum


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