Apple, Michael W., "Creating Difference: Neo-Liberalism, Neo-Conservatism, and the Politics of Educational Reform," Educational Policy, 18(January and March, 2004)., 12-44.


Analyes how market proposals and regulatory proposals are joined in recent educational reforms in several countries, including the U. S., and reflect power blocks supporting standards, testing, and a national curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus

Curriculum Policies and Policy Making

Source Discipline


Mode of Inquiry in the Study

Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay

Type of Study

Single Study

Narrow Topic

Comparative Curriculum, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Curriculum Standards and Testing, Curriculum and Politics, Local Control of Schooling


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