Elmore, Richard F., "The Problem of Stakes in Performance-Based Accountability Systems," pp. 274-296 in Susan H. Fuhrman and Richard F. Elmore, eds., Redesigning Accountability Systems for Education. New York: Teachers College Press, 2004.


Draws conclusions from essays in the volume regarding the status of accountability systems to date; identifies political and practical issues to be resolved; and sets out five design principles for new accountability policies.

Broad Topical Focus

Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Evaluation

Source Discipline


Mode of Inquiry in the Study

Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism

Type of Study

Single Study

Narrow Topic

Curriculum and Politics, Student Assessment, Evaluation of Instruction


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