Ladson-Billings, Gloria, and Keffrelyn Brown, "Curriculum and Cultural Diversity," pp. 153-175 in F. Michael Connelly, Ming Fang He, and JoAnn Phillion, eds., The SAGE Handbook of Curriculum and Instruction. Los Angeles: Sage Publications, 2008.


Reviews the literature on the topic in the United States and in England from 1970 to the present and identifies nine research questions that must be asked of any curriculum that proposes to meet the needs of changing student populations.

Broad Topical Focus

Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design

Source Discipline


Mode of Inquiry in the Study

Integrative Inquiry

Type of Study

Status Study

Narrow Topic

Multiethnic Adaptation, Curriculum Differentiation


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