Gandin, Luis Armando, "The Citizen School Project: Implementing and Recreating Critical Education in Porto Alegre, Brazil," pp. 341-353 in Michael W. Apple, Wayne Au, and Luis Armando Gandin, eds., The Routledge International Handbook of Critical Education. New York: Routledge, 2009.


Describes this project and its new features (access to schools, governance, and knowledge); connects school knowledge with the knowledge students need to develop within their situation; knowledge is organized around themes in an innovative new form of curriculum design.

Broad Topical Focus

Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form

Source Discipline


Mode of Inquiry in the Study

Critical Inquiry, Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry

Type of Study

Single Study

Narrow Topic

Curriculum Integration, Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Citizenship Education, Democratic Education, Social Studies


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