Pajak, Edward, "Cultural Narcissism and Education Reform," Teachers College Record, 113(September, 2011), 2018-2046.


Edward Pajak


Interprets recent policy reforms in education as being rooted in psychological processes associated with narcissistic parenting wherein the following behavioral patterns prevail: expectations for perfection, grandiose sense of superiority and entitlement, relentless fault-finding, projection of personal fantasies, absence of empathy, preoccupation with control, conditional approval, and well-intentioned view of own motives; suggests alternatives that respect and trust children more.

Broad Topical Focus

Curriculum Change

Source Discipline


Mode of Inquiry in the Study

Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay

Type of Study

Single Study

Narrow Topic

Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Motivation, Psychology and Curriculum, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum


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