Santos, Bonaventura de Sousa, "Ecologies of Knowledge," pp. 185-211 in Bonaventura de Sousa Santos, Epistemologies of the South: Justice Against Epistemicide. New York: Rutledge, 2014.


Make the case that epistemologies other than those generated by European and North American philosophers (e. g., those from the Global South) should be included in an "ecology of knowledge"; refers chiefly to non-scientific knowledges such as those based on the experience of persons and on various practice (especially of local knowledge and by subaltern groups); extensive explication of the concept is presented; offers thirteen observations as a basis for bringing about such an ecology of knowledge; the book containing this chapter discusses the concept of cognitive justice and its implications world-wide.

Broad Topical Focus

Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences

Source Discipline

Field other than Education

Mode of Inquiry in the Study

Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Critical Inquiry, Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry

Type of Study

Single Study

Narrow Topic

Knowledge Generation, Curriculum and the Disciplines, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Practical Knowledge, Knowledge Utilization, Ideology and School Knowledge, Content Selection and Organization


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