Real-world networks, communities, graph clustering, power-law, small world networks
It has been observed that real-world random networks like the WWW, Internet, social networks, citation networks, etc., organize themselves into closely-knit groups that are locally dense and globally sparse. These closely-knit groups are termed communities. Nodes within a community are similar in some aspect. For example in a WWW network, communities might consist of web pages that share similar contents. Mining these communities facilitates better understanding of their evolution and topology, and is of great theoretical and commercial significance. Community related research has focused on two main problems: community discovery and community identification. Community discovery is the problem of extracting all the communities in a given network, whereas community identification is the problem of identifying the community, to which, a given set of nodes belong. We make a comparative study of various existing community-discovery algorithms. We then propose a new algorithm based on bibliographic metrics, which addresses the drawbacks in existing approaches. Bibliographic metrics are used to study similarities between publications in a citation network. Our algorithm classifies nodes in the network based on the similarity of their neighborhoods. One of the drawbacks of the current community-discovery algorithms is their computational complexity. These algorithms do not scale up to the enormous size of the real-world networks. We propose a hash-table-based technique that helps us compute the bibliometric similarity between nodes in O(m ?) time. Here m is the number of edges in the graph and ?, the largest degree. Next, we investigate different centrality metrics. Centrality metrics are used to portray the importance of a node in the network. We propose an algorithm that utilizes centrality metrics of the nodes to compute the importance of the edges in the network. Removal of the edges in ascending order of their importance breaks the network into components, each of which represent a community. We compare the performance of the algorithm on synthetic networks with a known community structure using several centrality metrics. Performance was measured as the percentage of nodes that were correctly classified. As an illustration, we model the ucf.edu domain as a web graph and analyze the changes in its properties like densification power law, edge density, degree distribution, diameter, etc., over a five-year period. Our results show super-linear growth in the number of edges with time. We observe (and explain) that despite the increase in average degree of the nodes, the edge density decreases with time.
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Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Length of Campus-only Access
Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)
Balakrishnan, Hemant, "Algorithms For Discovering Communities In Complex Networks" (2006). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 1102.