Polyelectrolyte complex; metal ions; hydrogels; electrospinning; diffusion
A polyelectrolyte complex is formed by mixing two oppositely charged polyelectrolytes in a solution. The electrostatic interactions between partially charged polymeric chains lead to the formation of a stable complex while avoiding the use of covalent cross linkers. Since complex formation can improve the stability of polyelectrolyte and metal ions in polyelectrolyte can provide various functionalities, PECs incorporated with metal ions are promising candidates for manufacturing stable and multifunctional structures. While the coordination of metal ions and polyelectrolytes has been extensively investigated in solutions and multilayer films, to our knowledge, no research has been performed to study the effect of metal ion/polyelectrolyte interactions on PECs structures and properties. The following research demonstrates the impact of different metal ions in controlling PEC structure morphology and applications. These discoveries indicate great potential of metal ions in PECs to fabricate functional PEC nanostructures. The research investigates the effect of the interactions between different metal ions and polyelectrolytes on the morphology and properties of PECs, explore the fabrication of different structures using embedded metal ions and understand the impact of metal ion/polyelectrolyte interactions on the nanoparticle structures. The research concludes: 1) incorporating metal ions of different valence into PECs introduces metal ion/polyelectrolyte interactions that can tune the morphology of PECs; 2) metal ion/polyelectrolyte interactions can be used to control the PECs swelling properties and stability in aqueous solutions; 3) the release of embedded metal ions from PECs to aqueous solutions is affected by metal ion/polyelectrolyte interactions; and 4) the embedded metal ions function as a reagent reservoir for various applications to produce functional structures.
If this is your thesis or dissertation, and want to learn how to access it or for more information about readership statistics, contact us at STARS@ucf.edu
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
College of Sciences
Length of Campus-only Access
Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)
Dissertations, Academic -- Sciences; Sciences -- Dissertations, Academic
Malhotra, Astha, "Multifunctional and Responsive Polyelectrolyte Nanostructures" (2014). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 1230.